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Synalpheus bousfieldi is a sponge-dwelling Caribbean snapping shrimp, with a streamlined body well-adapted to life in the interior canals of sponges. S. bousfieldi occurs in a wide range of host sponges, primarily in the sponge Hyattella intestinalis. Although S. bousfieldi has been reported from many locations throughout the Caribbean (see Distribution), older records should be viewed with caution, as recent taxonomic work has uncovered many new Synalpheus species with close morphological similarities to S. bousfieldi (Macdonald and Duffy 2006, Macdonald et al. 2009).