The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2008). "Tragelaphus imberbis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
  • 1. IUCN Red List (November, 2004) http://www.iucnredlist.orghttp://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 10. Nowak, R. (1999). Walker's Mammals of the World. Balitimore: The John Hopkins University.
  • 11. Walther, F. (1990). Spiral-Horned Antelopes. Pp. 344-359 in S Parker, ed. Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company.
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Animal Diversity Web (November, 2004) http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Tragelaphus_imberbis.htmlhttp://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Tragelaphus_imberbis.html External link.
  • 2. Heller, Edmund (November 2, 1912). New Genera and Races of African Ungulates. Washington D. C.: Smitsonian Institution. p. 15.
  • 3. Groves, Colin, Peter Grubb (2011). Ungulate Taxonomy. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 139. ISBN 1-4214-0093-6.
  • 3. Mallon, D. (2007) Pers. Comm.
  • 4. Miller, Melissa, Tim Wild, Steve Shurter. "Lesser kudu".
  • 4. Fort Worth Zoo (November, 2004) http://www.whozoo.org/Intro99/morales/lesserkudu03.htmlhttp://www.whozoo.org/Intro99/morales/lesserkudu03.html External link.
  • 5. African Wildlife Foundation (November, 2004) http://www.awf.org/wildlives/146http://www.awf.org/wildlives/146 External link.
  • 5. Benirschke, K.; Rüedi, D.; Müller, H.; Kumamoto, A.T.; Wagner, K.L.; Downes, H.S. (1 January 1980). "The unusual karyotype of the lesser kudu, Tragelaphus imberbi's". Cytogenetic and Genome Research 26 (2-4): 85–92. doi:10.1159/000131429.
  • 6. The Baltimore Zoo (November, 2004) http://www.baltimorezoo.org/04-pop-ups/ssp-program/ssp-program.htmlhttp://www.baltimorezoo.org/04-pop-ups/ssp-program/ssp-program.html External link.
  • 6. East, R. (1999). African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • 7. Harrison, D., P. Bates (1991). The Mammals of Arabia. Kent, England: Harrison Zoological Museum Publications.
  • 8. Grimshaw, J.M., N.J. Cordeiro and C.A.H. Foley. (1995). The mammals of Kilimanjaro. Journal of East African Natural History 84:105-139.
  • 9. Weigl, R. (2005). Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; From the Living Collections of the World. [Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48]. E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Nägele und Obermiller), Stuttgart.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • East, R. 1999. IUCN African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • Estes, J. 1991. The Behaviour Guide to African Mammals. University of California Press, Oxford.
  • Harrison, D., P. Bates. 1991. The Mammals of Arabia. Kent, England: Harrison Zoological Museum Publications.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • I. Agnarsson and L. J. May-Collado. 2008. The phylogeny of Cetartiodactyla: The importance of dense taxon sampling, missing data, and the remarkable promise of cytochrome b to provide reliable species-level phylogenies. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48:964-985
  • Jones, M. L. 1993. Longevity of ungulates in captivity. International Zoo Yearbook 32:159-169.
  • MacDonald, D. 2001. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Nowak, R. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World. Balitimore: The John Hopkins University.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Roosevelt, T., E. Heller. 1914. Life-Histories of African Game Animals. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Spinage, C. A. 1986. The Natural History of Antelpoes. Croom Helm, London, UK.
  • Type: Heller, E. 1913 Sep 16. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. 61 (13): 2.
  • Vahala, J. 1992. Reproduction of the leser Kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis) at Dvur Kralove Zoo. Zoo Biology 11:99-106.
  • Walther, F. 1990. Spiral-Horned Antelopes. Pp. 344-359 in S Parker, ed. Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company.
  • Weckerly, F. W. 1998. Sexual-size dimorphism: Influence of mass and mating systems in the most dimorphic mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 79:33-52.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204

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