The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. IUCN Red List (August, 2006) http://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 10/98. "Animal Bytes" (On-line). Accessed 10/13/99 at
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. The Ultimate Ungulate Page (August, 2006) External link.
  • 3. Animal Diversity Web (August, 2006) External link.
  • 4. CITES (August, 2006) http://www.cites.org External link.
  • 5. Rare Species Conservatory Foundation (August, 2006) External link.
  • 6. African Wildlife Foundation (August, 2006) External link.
  • 7. Mallon, D. (2007) Pers. Comm.
  • 8. International Studbook of Bongo Antelope (Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaci) 2003, Volume XVIII (August, 2006) External link.
  • 9. Mount Kenya Wildlife Conservancy (August, 2006) External link.
  • CITES. 2007. Appendix III. Notification to the Parties, no. 2007/007. 6
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • East, R. 1999. IUCN African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • Estes, J. 1991. The Behaviour Guide to African Mammals. University of California Press, Oxford.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • I. Agnarsson and L. J. May-Collado. 2008. The phylogeny of Cetartiodactyla: The importance of dense taxon sampling, missing data, and the remarkable promise of cytochrome b to provide reliable species-level phylogenies. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48:964-985
  • Jewell, P., G. Maloiy. 1989. The Biology of Large African Mammals in Their Environment. Oxford, England: Oxford Science Publications.
  • Jones, M. L. 1993. Longevity of ungulates in captivity. International Zoo Yearbook 32:159-169.
  • Klaus-Hugi, C., G. Klaus, B. Schmid, B. Konig. 1998. Feeding ecology of a large social antelope in the rainforest. Oecologia, 119: 81-90.
  • MacDonald, D. 2001. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Ralls, K. 1978. Tragelaphus eurycerus. Mammalian Species 111:1-4.
  • Ralls, K. 1978. Tragelaphus eurycerus. Mammalian Species, 111: 1-4.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Spinage, C. A. 1986. The Natural History of Antelpoes. Croom Helm, London, UK.
  • Turkalo, C. K. H. 2000. Group size and group composition of the Bongo (Tragelphagus eurycerus) at a natural lick in the Dzanga National Park, Central African Republic. Mammalia 63:437-447.
  • Udell, C. C. 1983. Husbandry, breeding and behaviour of Bongo at the Los Angeles Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook 23:237-242.
  • Weckerly, F. W. 1998. Sexual-size dimorphism: Influence of mass and mating systems in the most dimorphic mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 79:33-52.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204


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