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Overview

Distribution

Range Description

The species ranges widely in southeast Asia. It ranges from southern Yunnan (Smith et al. 2008), through eastern and southern Myanmar, most of Lao PDR and Viet Nam, northern Cambodia and most of Thailand, south to Penininsular Malaysia, Tioman (Malaysia), Sumatra (mainly in the mountain chain), Java, and Borneo (Brunei, northern Kalimantan, Sabah and northern Sarawak) (Ruedi et al. 1994; Ruedi and Fumagalli 1996). It is generally, though not always, found in hilly areas. A survey conducted by Nor (2001) on Mount Kinabalu, Malaysia, found individuals of this species at 1,700 m asl and higher. In other areas, such as in Sumatra, the species can be found as high as 3,000 m asl, while on the Asian mainland it has been found as low as 90 m asl.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species prefers humid montane habitats, but it is also found in lowland forests. Individuals found on the Bolaven Plateau in southern Lao PDR were living in degraded scrubland, and the species appears to be adaptable to a number of anthropogenic habitats. These animals find shelter in nests of dead leaves located in hollow structures on the ground and under rocks. The diet is predominately composed of invertebrates, including insects and earthworms, but it can also feed on fruits. The species breeds throughout the year, giving birth to up to three young. The lifespan does not usually exceed two years.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Hylomys suillus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 4 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

AACCGCTGAATATTCTCAACTAACCATAAAGACATCGGGACATTATACATGATTTTTGGTGCTTGAGCTGGAATAGTAGGCACCTCACTT---AGTTTACTAATTCGTGCAGAACTTGGTCAACCCGGAGCTCTTCTTGGAGAT---GATCAGATCTATAACGTCATTGTTACAGCTCATGCTTTTATTATAATTTTTTTTATAGTCATACCCATTATACTCGGAGGTTTCGGAAATTGACTTGTTCCACTAATG---ATTGGAGCTCCTGATATAGCATTTCCACGGATAAATAATATAAGCTTTTGACTTCTGCCCCCATCTTTTCTTCTCCTCTTAGCTTCATCAATAGTAGAAGCAGGAGCAGGAACAGGCTGAACAGTTTATCCTCCACTAGCAGGAAATTTAGCCCATGCCGGAGCTTCTGTCGATCTA---GCTATTTTTTCGCTCCACTTAGCAGGTGTATCATCAATCCTTGGTGCAATTAATTTTATTACTACTATTATTAACATAAAACCCCCTGCTTTAACACAATATCAAACTCCTTTATTTGTCTGATCCATCCTTATTACAGCTGTCCTACTTCTCTTATCTCTTCCCGTATTAGCAGCA---GGAATTACTATACTTCTTACTGATCGTAATCTTAATACAACCTTTTTTGATCCTGCAGGAGGGGGAGACCCTATTCTATATCAACATCTATTCTGATTTTTTGGTCACCCAGAAGTTTATATTTTAATTCTCCCAGGATTCGGAATTATTTCCCACATTGTTACATATTATTCAGGAAAAAAA---GAACCTTTTGGTTATATAGGAATAGTATGAGCAATAATATCAATCGGATTTCTTGGTTTTATTGTTTGAGCTCATCATATGTTCACTGTAGGATTAGATGTAGACACACGAGCATACTTCACATCTGCTACTATAATTATTGCTATCCCCACTGGAGTAAAAGTCTTTAGCTGATTA---GCAACG
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Hylomys suillus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Chiozza, F.

Reviewer/s
Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Stuart, S.N. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, and its relatively stable population.
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Population

Population
This is a common species in many places. Its population is probably stable, as it is adaptable to anthropogenic habitats.

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats to this widespread and adaptable species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is found in many protected areas.
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Wikipedia

Short-tailed gymnure

The short-tailed gymnure (Hylomys suillus) is a small erinaceomorph that is found in southeast Asia. This gymnure, which resembles a large mouse, grows to a length of 4-6 inches, and feeds on insects, worms and other small animals.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hutterer, R. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M, eds. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 218. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ Insectivore Specialist Group (1996). Hylomys suillus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 2006-05-12. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern
  3. ^ Animal. Smithsonian Institution. 2005. 
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