The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 2005. website, Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2005.08.07
  • American Ornithologists' Union. 1998. Check-list of North American Birds, 7th edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.
  • Banks, Richard C., C. Cicero, J. L. Dunn, A. W. Kratter, P. C. Rasmussen, J. V. Remsen, Jr., et al. 2003. Forty-fourth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds. The Auk, vol. 120, no. 3
  • Banks, Richard C., C. Cicero, J. L. Dunn, A. W. Kratter, P. C. Rasmussen, J. V. Remsen, Jr., et al. 2003. Forty-fourth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds. The Auk, vol. 120, no. 3. 923-931
  • BirdLife International 2012. Bubo scandiacus
  • BirdLife International, 2004. "Nyctea scandiaca. In: IUCN 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species." (On-line). Accessed December 05, 2004 at http://www.redlist.org/search/details.php?species=48541.
  • Chinery, M. 1992. The Kingfisher Illustrated Encyclopedia of Animals. New York: Kingfisher Books.
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  • Cotype: Ridgway. January 1874. History Of North American Birds (Land Birds). 3: 70.
  • Dunn, J.L. and J. Alderfer. 2011. National Geographic Field Guide to the Birds of North America. National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C.
  • Encyclopedia Britannica, 1995. Encyclopedia Britannica 15th Edition, Vol. 10. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc..
  • Grzimek, B. 1972. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, Volume 8, Birds II. NY, Cincinnati, Toronto, London, Melbourne: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company.
  • Hoyo, J., A. Elliot, J. Sargatal. 1999. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Volume 5. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions.
  • Kaufman, K. 1996. Lives of North American Birds. Houghton Mifflin, Boston.
  • Kennerson, E. 2006. "Snowies: a film about snowy owls" (On-line video). The Life of Birds. Accessed August 18, 2006 at http://www.explorebiodiversity.com/BIRDS/BirdsofWorld/video/SnowyOwl/video.html.
  • Kielder Water Bird of Prey Centre, 1999. "Snowy Owl - Nyctea scandiaca" (On-line). Accessed July 10, 2000 at http://www.discoverit.co.uk/falconry/snowyowl.htm.
  • Lewis, D. "Snowy Owls - Nyctea scandiaca" (On-line). Accessed July 10, 2000 at http://www.owlpages.com/species/snowy.
  • Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed.10,Syst. Nat., ed.10, 17581: 92.
  • Linnaeus, Unknown,Syst.nat, 17581: 460-460.
  • Linnaeus, Unknown,Syst.nat, 17581: 460-460.
  • Living Planet, 1999. "Snowy Owl -- Nyctea scandiaca" (On-line). Accessed July 10,200 at http://www.the-planet.net/co/animal/Sowl.html.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • National Geographic, 1999. Field Guide to the Birds of North America, Third Edition. Washington D.C.: National Geographic.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Parmelee, D. 1992. Snowy Owl (Nyctea scandiaca). Pp. 1-20 in A Poole, P Stettenheim, F Gill, eds. The Birds of North America, Vol. 10. Philadelphia: The Academy of Natural Sciences; Washington, DC: The American Ornithologists' Union.
  • The Birds of North America Online (Online source)   http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/ External link.
  • ZHENG Guangmei, WANG Qishan, CHINA RED DATA BOOK OF ENDANGERED ANIMALES AVES.,CHINA RED DATA BOOK OF ENDANGERED ANIMALES AVES., 1998.
  • Zheng Zuoxin, Xian Yaohua and Guan Guanxun, FAUNA SINICA AVES Vol. 6: Columbiformes, Psittaciformes, Cuculiformes and Strigiformes,FAUNA SINICA AVES Vol. 6: Columbiformes, Psittaciformes, Cuculiformes and Strigiformes, 1991.
  • 郑作新 冼耀华 关贯勋, 《中国动物志》 鸟纲 第六卷,北京:科学出版社, 1991: 1-240.
  • 郑作新、冼耀华、关贯勋, 中国动物志.鸟纲第六卷.鸽形目.鹦形目.鹃形目.鴞形目,中国动物志.鸟纲第六卷.鸽形目.鹦形目.鹃形目.鴞形目, 1991.
  • 郑光美, 王岐山, 中国濒危动物红皮书 鸟类,中国濒危动物红皮书 鸟类, 1998.

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