Comprehensive Description

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Biology

Macrohabitat: Lowlands, 10- 256 meters altitude. Microhabitat: On shaded or half-shaded wet, clayish or muddy ground covered with dead leaves close to water in flood-plain forests (e.g., Liriodendron, Liquidambar), low deciduous forests, and swamp-forests. Dispersal abilities: Brachypterous, hence flightless thus vagility limited to walking or running. Seasonal occurrence: Adults have been found in January- December; teneral adults in July. Behavior: Nocturnal, adults take cover during the day in leaf litter, under fallen trees, fallen branches, loose bark of fallen trees, stones, and boards. Adults found overwintering in swamp-forests; in rotten tree-stumps and under the loose bark of fallen trees. Adults are able to survive winter inundation of their hibernation site. Adults are scavengers on dead fish, meat, and fowl. Adults occasionally found walking into lights at night. (Ciegler, 2000; Erwin, 1981 & 2001; Larochelle & Lariviere, 2003; Data from NMNH collection)

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© Erwin, Terry

Source: Western Hemisphere Caraboidea

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