IUCN threat status:

Endangered (EN)

Comprehensive Description

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Nyctanolis pernix is a long-legged, slender, scansorial salamander with a wide and flattened head, protuberant eyes, small nostrils, and labial protuberances (more pronounced in males). SVL is 70 mm and total length is 150 mm. The tail is slender and cylindrical with no constriction at the base, and relatively long. The forelimbs and hindlimbs overlap when adpressed along the flank. Digits are elongate and are truncated at the tip; no webbing is present. There may be as many as 15 premaxillary teeth. Premaxillary bones are paired, unlike all other tropical salamanders. The tongue pad is round. In addition to having larger labial protuberances, males also have a pronounced mental gland under the chin.

The ground color is black, with dorsal spots of deep crimson, orange, light yellow and cream from the eyelids to the tail tip (Elias and Wake 1983).


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