Overview

Distribution

Range Description

The typical form of A. forrestii is confined to the Lijiang area and across the border into the Muli district of Sichuan (China). It may also occur in Xizang.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species (and its varieties) occurs in the high mountains of SW China at elevations between 2,400 m and 4,300 m a.s.l. (commonly 3,000-4,000 m), on grey-brown mountain podzols. The climate is cold and wet, annual precipitation ranges from 1,000 mm to 2,000 mm. The species forms forests in pure stands near the tree limit, or is mixed with Picea likiangensis, Larix potaninii, Tsuga dumosa and some broad-leaved trees, e.g. Betula albo-sinensis, Acer spp. and Sorbus spp. at lower elevations. An ericaceous lower shrub layer with Rhododendron spp. is often prominent.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
NT
Near Threatened

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Zhang, D, Katsuki, T. & Rushforth, K.

Reviewer/s
Thomas, P. & Farjon, A.

Contributor/s

Justification
Abies forrestii var. forrestii is assessed as Near Threatened (NT) as it occurs at lower elevations in the Lijiang and Muli districts where there has been significant deforestation. While the information available is not sufficient to assign a Vulnerable status under criterion A2cd, the use of NT is considered appropriate as highlighting a possible situation which may need to be addressed in a future re-assessment.
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Population

Population
It mainly forms pure stands but with mixed conifers and broadleafed trees especially at the forest margins. The overall population trend is decreasing.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
Forrest's Fir and and its several varieties occur at high altitudes, often up to the tree line and consequently only yield timber suitable for saw mill processing from larger trees at its lowest altitudinal range. Exploitation has (at least officially) ceased with Chinese forest conservation law now prohibiting logging in old growth forest in the western provinces.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The Government of China has recently imposed a logging ban in western China. This variety is present in a number of protected areas.
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