IUCN threat status:

Vulnerable (VU)


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Range Description

NE China. Jilin Province (Changbai Shan).

North Korea. Ryanggang-do: Mt. Baekdu (4200 N, 12803 E); Jagang-do: Mt. Sungjeok (4034 N, 12612 E); Jagang-do: Mt. Pinandeok (4017 N, 12542 E); Pyeonganbuk-do/Pyeongannam-do: Mt. Myohyang (4000N, 12614E); Hamkyongnam-do/Pyeongannam-do: Mt. Sasu (3951N, 12706E); Pyeongannam-do/Hwanghae-do: Mt. Haram (3907N, 12644E); Hamkyongnam-do/Gangwon-do: Mt. Chuae (3850N, 12716E).

South Korea.Gyeonggi-do: Mt. Hwaak (37.59N, 12730E); Gangwon-do (Taebaek mountains): Mt. Geumgang (3831N, 12803E); Gangwon-do: Mt. Daeu (38.13N, 12808E); Gangwon-do (Taebaek mountains) : Gari Peak (3805N,12820E); Gangwon-do (Taebaek mountains): Mt. Seorak (3806N,12824E); Gangwon-do (Taebaek mountains): Mt. Jeombong (3802N,12825E); Gangwon-do (Taebaek mountains): Mt. Bangtae (3753N, 12821E); Gangwon-do (Taebaek mountains): Mt. Odae (3747 N12832E); Gangwon-do (Taebaek mountains): Mt. Gyebang (3743 N, 12827E); Gangwon-do (Taebaek mountains): Mt. Hambaek (3709 N, 12855E); Gangwon-do (Taebaek mountains): Mt. Jang (3707 N, 12851E); Gangwon-do (Taebaek mountains): Mt. Taebaek (3706 N, 12854E)

The estimated AOO of the accessible locations in China and South Korea (12 in all) vary between 2 km to ca 100 km. The biggest location in South Korea is Soeraksan (Mt. Sorak) which is thought to be ca 100 km. Most other locations in South Korea have very small AOO, e.g. 20 km or less (H. Lee pers. comm. 2011). Although there is no specific information on the AOO of the North Korean locations it is expected that these will have a relatively small AOO and be within degraded habitats. The overall AOO of the species is certainly less than 2,000 km.


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© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN


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