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Range DescriptionParagomphus sinaiticus is known from Saharan Africa (Niger, Sudan) to the Sinai (Egypt, type locality), the Arabian Peninsula (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen and Oman) and western Iran in several isolated localities or aggregates of localities. Its whole range is highly fragmented. In Africa it is restricted to the Air Mountains in Niger and the Red Sea Hills in eastern Sudan. In Asia it is confined to the Sinai (Egypt), Iran (a single isolated locality) and is scattered in isolated localities or aggregates of localities over Arabia. The overall range of the species includes 33 distinct localities distributed over 4,900,000 kmÂ², with a total of 37 records, among which 17 date from 1990 onwards and 13 from 2000 onwards. There was a significant increase of records during the last decade, largely due to an increase of observers in Oman and the Emirates. Three of five of the Nigerien localities are located in the National Natural Reserve of the Air and of the Tenere, which is presently not properly managed due to the political situation in the north of the country.