The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • * C.Michael Hogan. 2010. ''Leather Oak, Quercus durata Jeps. (1909)''. Encyclopedia of Earth, National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington DC ed. Mark McGinley and ed.in-chief Cutler Cleveland
  • * Jepson Manual. 1993. Pinus sabiniana University of California, Berkeley, California, USA

  • 1. Agee, James K.; Biswell, Harold H. 1978. The fire management plan for Pinnacles National Monument. In: Proceedings, 1st conference on scientific research in the National Parks; [Date of conference unknown]
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  • 11. Childers, Christian A.; Piirto, Douglas D. 1991. Cost-effective wilderness fire management: a case study in southern California. In: Nodvin, Stephen C.; Waldrop, Thomas A., eds. Fire and the environment: ecological and cultural perspectives: Proceedings of an international symposium; 1990 March 20-24; Knoxville, TN. Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-69. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station: 179-186. [16649]
  • 12. Holmgren, Ralph C.; Brewster, Sam F., Jr. 1972. Distribution of organic matter reserve in a desert shrub community. Research Paper INT-130. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 15 p. [1187]
  • 13. DeLasaux, Michael J.; Pillsbury, Norman H. 1987. Site index and yield equations for blue oak and coast live oak. In: Plumb, Timothy R.; Pillsbury, Norman H., technical coordinators. Proceedings of the symposium on multiple-use management of California's hardwood resources; 1986 November 12-14; San Luis Obispo, CA. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-100. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station: 325-334. [5383]
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  • 15. Duffield, J. W. 1953. Pine pollen collection dates--annual and geographic variation. For. Res. Notes No. 85. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, California Forest and Range Experiment Station. 9 p. [17970]
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  • 18. Gardner, Robert A. 1958. Soil-vegetation associations in the redwood - Douglas-fir zone of California. In: Proceedings, 1st North American forest soils conference; [Date of conference unknown]
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  • 21. Griffin, James R. 1977. Oak woodland. In: Barbour, Michael G.; Malor, Jack, eds. Terrestrial vegetation of California. New York: John Wiley and Sons: 383-415. [7217]
  • 22. Griffin, James R. 1980. Sprouting in fire-damaged valley oaks, Chews Ridge, California. In: Plumb, Timothy R., technical coordinator. Proceedings of the symposium on the ecology, management, and utilization of California oaks; 1979 June 26-28; Claremont, CA. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-44. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station: 216-219. [7040]
  • 23. Griffin, James R.; Critchfield, William B. 1972. The distribution of forest trees in California. Res. Pap. PSW-82. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 118 p. [1041]
  • 24. Halvorson, William L.; Clark, Ronilee A. 1989. Vegetation and floristics of Pinnacles National Monument. Tech. Rep. No. 34. Davis, CA: University of California at Davis, Institute of Ecology, Cooperative National Park Resources Study Unit. 113 p. [11883]
  • 25. Hamilton, Ronald C. 1991. Single-tree selection method: An uneven-aged silviculture system. In: Genetics/silviculture workshop proceedings; 1990 August 27-31; Wenatchee, WA. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Timber Management Staff: 46-84. [16562]
  • 26. Holland, Robert F. 1986. Preliminary descriptions of the terrestrial natural communities of California. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Fish and Game. 156 p. [12756]
  • 27. Horton, Jerome S. 1949. Trees and shrubs for erosion control of southern California mountains. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, California [Pacific Southwest]
  • 28. Howard, W. E.; Fenner, R. L.; Childs, H. E., Jr. 1959. Wildlife survival in brush burns. Journal of Range Management. 12: 230-234. [247]
  • 29. Jenkinson, James L. 1977. Edaphic interactions in first-year growth of California ponderosa pine. Res. Pap. PSW-127. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 16 p. [15833]
  • 3. Allen-Diaz, Barbara H.; Holzman, Barbara A. 1991. Blue oak communities in California. Madrono. 38(2): 80-95. [15424]
  • 30. Holechek, Jerry L. 1981. Brush control impacts on rangeland wildlife. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation. 36(5): 265-269. [1182]
  • 31. Kimmey, J. W. 1957. Dwarfmistletoes of California and their control. Tech. Pap. No. 19. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, California Forest and Range Experiment Station. 12 p. [16464]
  • 32. Kotok, E. I. 1933. Fire, a major ecological factor in the pine region of California. In: Pacific Science Congress Proceedings. 5: 4017-4022. [4723]
  • 33. Krugman, Stanley L.; Jenkinson, James L. 1974. Pinaceae--pine family. In: Schopmeyer, C. S., technical coordinator. Seeds of woody plants in the United States. Agric. Handb. 450. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 598-637. [1380]
  • 35. Lawrence, George E. 1966. Ecology of vertebrate animals in relation to chaparral fire in the Sierra Nevada foothills. Ecology. 47(2): 278-291. [147]
  • 36. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agric. Handb. 541. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 375 p. [2952]
  • 38. McCune, Bruce. 1988. Ecological diversity in North American pines. American Journal of Botany. 75(3): 353-368. [5651]
  • 39. Munz, Philip A. 1973. A California flora and supplement. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 1905 p. [6155]
  • 4. Arno, Stephen F.; Hammerly, Ramona P. 1984. Timberline: Mountain and arctic forest frontiers. Seattle, WA: The Mountaineers. 304 p. [339]
  • 40. Powers, Robert F. 1990. Pinus sabiniana Dougl. Digger pine. In: Burns, Russell M.; Honkala, Barbara H., technical coordinators. Silvics of North America. Volume 1. Conifers. Agric. Handb. 654. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 463-469. [13406]
  • 42. Sampson, Arthur W.; Jespersen, Beryl S. 1963. California range brushlands and browse plants. Berkeley, CA: University of California, Division of Agricultural Sciences, California Agricultural Experiment Station, Extension Service. 162 p. [3240]
  • 43. Thorne, Robert F. 1977. Montane and subalpine forests of the Transverse and Peninsular ranges. In: Barbour, Michael G.; Major, Jack, eds. Terrestrial vegetation of California. New York: John Wiley and Sons: 537-557. [7214]
  • 45. Wickman, Boyd E. 1964. Freshly scorched pines attract large numbers of Arhopalus asperatus adults. Pan-Pacific Entomologist. 40(1): 59. [4511]
  • 46. Zedler, Paul H. 1986. Closed-cone conifers of the chaparral. Fremontia. 14(3): 14-17. [18648]
  • 47. Farris, Glenn J. 1983. California pignolia: seeds of Pinus sabiniana. Economic Botany. 37(2): 201-206. [20648]
  • 48. Griffin, J. R. 1971. Variability of germination in digger pine in California. Res. Note PSW-248. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 5 p. [19082]
  • 49. Schniewind, Arno P.; Gammon, Barry. 1978. Some strength properties of digger pine. Wood and Fiber. 9(4): 289-294. [19135]
  • 5. Bailey, Lowell F. 1948. Leaf oils from Tennessee Valley conifers. Journal of Forestry. 46(12): 882-889. [13265]
  • 6. Barbour, Michael G. 1988. Californian upland forests and woodlands. In: Barbour, Michael G.; Billings, William Dwight, eds. North American terrestrial vegetation. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press: 131-164. [13880]
  • 8. Biswell, H. H. 1956. Ecology of California grasslands. Journal of Forestry. 9: 19-24. [11182]
  • 9. Biswell, H. H. 1963. Research in wildland fire ecology in California. In: Proceedings, 2nd annual Tall Timbers fire ecology conference; 1963 March 14-15; Tallahassee, FL. No. 2. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 63-97. [13474]
  • Bean, W.J. 1980. Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, ed. 8, Vols. 1-4. John Murray, London
  • Burns, Russell M., and Barbara H. Honkala, technical coordinators. 1990. Silvics of North America: 1. Conifers; 2. Hardwoods.   Agriculture Handbook 654 (Supersedes Agriculture Handbook 271,Silvics of Forest Trees of the United States, 1965).   U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC. vol.2, 877 pp.   http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/table_of_contents.htm External link.
  • Douglas ex D. Don. 1832. In: Lambert, Descr. Pinus, ed. 8°, 2: p. s.n. inter 144 et 145, t. 80.
  • Farjon A. (2013). Conifer Database (version Jul 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Image metadata at Bioimages (http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/)   http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/baskauf/00000 External link.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  •    
       
    1. Bega, Robert V. 1962. Tree killing by Fomes annosus in a  genetics arboretum. Plant Disease Reporter 46(2):107-110.
    2.  
    3. Critchfield, William B. 1966. Crossability and relationships of the  California big-cone pines. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper NC-6. p.  36-44. North Central Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN.
    4.  
    5. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and  Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 p.
    6.  
    7. Farris, Glenn J. 1983. California pignolia: seeds of Pinus  sabiniana. Economic Botany 37(2):201-206.
    8.  
    9. Furniss, R. L., and V. M. Carolin. 1977. Western forest insects.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1339.  Washington, DC. 654 p.
    10.  
    11. Griffin, James R. 1962. Intraspecific variation in Pinus  sabiniana Dougl. Thesis (Ph.D.), University of California, Berkeley.  274 p.
    12.  
    13. Griffin, James R. 1964. Cone morphology in Pinus sabiniana. Journal  of the Arnold Arboretum 45(2):260-273.
    14.  
    15. Griffin, James R. 1965. Digger pine seedling response to  serpentinite and non-serpentinite soil. Ecology 46(6):801-807.
    16.  
    17. Griffin, James R. 1971. Variability of germination in Digger pine in  California. USDA Forest Service, Research Note PSW-248. Pacific  Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 5 p.
    18.  
    19. Griffin, James R., and William B. Critchfield. 1972. The distribution  of forest trees in California. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper  PSW-82 (reprinted with supplement, 1976). Pacific Southwest Forest and  Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 118 p.
    20.  
    21. Hawksworth, Frank G. 1969. Rapid intensification and upward spread of  dwarf mistletoe in inoculated Digger pines. Plant Disease Reporter  53(8):615-617.
    22.  
    23. Hawksworth, Frank G., and Delbert Wiens. 1972. Biology and  classification of dwarf mistletoes (Arceuthobium). U.S. Department  of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 401. Washington, DC. 234 p.
    24.  
    25. Hermann, Richard K. 1970. Germination of Digger pine. Tree Planters'  Notes 21(2):12.
    26.  
    27. Jenkinson, James L. 1974. Ponderosa pine progenies: differential  response to ultramafic and granitic soils. USDA Forest Service, Research  Paper PSW-101. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station,  Berkeley, CA. 14 p.
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    29. Jepson, Willis Linn. 1909. Trees of California. Cunningham, Curtis,  and Welch, San Francisco, CA. 228 p.
    30.  
    31. Krugman, Stanley L., and James L. Jenkinson. 1974. Pinus L.  Pine. In Seeds of woody plants in the United States. p. 598-638.  C. S. Schopmeyer, tech. coord. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 450. Washington, DC.
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    33. Lance, Arthur E., President, Lance Logging. 1981. Personal  communication. Redding, CA.
    34.  
    35. Launchbaugh, J. L., H. H. Biswell, and A. M. Schultz. 1958. The  control of Digger pine with herbicides placed in basal cuts. Journal of  Range Management 11(l):14-18.
    36.  
    37. Laundrie, J. F. 1967. Kraft pulping of Digger and knobcone pine. USDA  Forest Service, Research Note FPL-0181. Forest Products Laboratory,  Madison, Wl. 3 p.
    38.  
    39. Mirov, N. T. 1967. The genus Pinus. Ronald Press, New York.  602 p.
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    41. Neal, Donald L. 1980. Blue oak-Digger pine. In Forest cover  types of the United States and Canada. p. 126-127. F. H. Eyre, ed.  Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC.
    42.  
    43. Pardo, Richard. 1978. National register of big trees. American  Forests 84(4):18-47.
    44.  
    45. Peattie, Donald Culross. 1953. A natural history of western trees.  Houghton Mifflin, Boston, MA. 751 p.
    46.  
    47. Powers, Robert F. 1981. Nutritional ecology of ponderosa pine (Pinus  ponderosa Laws.) and associated species. Thesis (Ph.D,), University  of California, Berkeley. 234 p.
    48.  
    49. Powers, Robert F. Data on file. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range  Experiment Station, Redding, CA.
    50.  
    51. Scharpf, Robert F. 1972. Light affects penetration and infection of  pines by dwarf mistletoe. Phytopathology 62(11):1271-1273.
    52.  
    53. Schniewind, Arna P., and Barry Gammon. 1978. Some strength properties  of Digger pine (Pinus sabiniana). Wood and Fiber 9(4):289-294. 
    54.  
    55. Smith, Richard H. 1963. Toxicity of pine resin vapors to three  species of Dendroctonus bark beetles. Journal of Economic Entomology  56(6):827-831,
    56.  
    57. Smola, Norm. 1980. Digger pine (Pinus sabiniana) for  windbreaks in Oklahoma. Tree Planters' Notes 31(l):38.
    58.  
    59. Watts, David. 1959. Human occupance as a factor in the distribution  of the California Digger pine. Thesis (M.S.), University of California,  Berkeley. 222 p.
    60.  
    61. Williamson, J. 1969. (Damage by hail to conifers cultivated in the  Pampas.] Revista Forestal Argentina 13(3):98-101. (Buenos Aires)
    62.  
    63. Yeaton, Richard I., 1983. The effect of predation on the elevational  replacement of digger pine by ponderosa pine on the western slopes of  the Sierra Nevada. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 110(l):31-38. 
    64.  
    65. Yeaton, Richard I., Robin W. Yeaton, and Julie E. Horenstein. 1980.  The altitudinal replacement of digger pine by ponderosa pine on the  western slopes of the Sierra Nevada. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical  Club 107(4):487-495.
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    67. Zinke, Paul J. 1982. Personal communication. University of  California, Berkeley.
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