Data about <i>Picea mariana</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Picea mariana</i>
Native range includes
Additional detail Alaska, USA USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Canada USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Lower 48 United States of America USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail St. Pierre and Miquelon (France) USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail United States (USA) US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail North America - Canada Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Alberta Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - British Columbia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Labrador Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Manitoba Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - New Brunswick Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Newfoundland Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Northwest Territories Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Nova Scotia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Ontario Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Prince Edward Island Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Quebec Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Saskatchewan Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Yukon Territory Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Alabama Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Connecticut Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Maine Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Massachusetts Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Michigan Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Minnesota Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - New Hampshire Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - New Jersey Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - New York Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Pennsylvania Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Rhode Island Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Vermont Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Wisconsin Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Picea mariana</i>
Flower color
Additional detail yellow
  • Yellow
    A color hue with medium wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between orange and green, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 570 to 590 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000324
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Leaf color
Additional detail green
  • Green
    A color hue with medium-low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between yellow and blue, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 490 to 570 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000320
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit or seed color
Additional detail brown
  • Brown
    A color consisting of dark orange, red, of very low intensity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000952
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Wood density
Additional detail 0.38 g/cm^3 Global Wood Density Database  
  • Plant growth habit
    The general growth form of a plant - its size and branching - also its woodiness. Some plants have different growth habits depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantHabit
Plant growth habit
Additional detail shrub
  • Shrub
    Perennial, multi-stemmed woody plant that is usually less than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height. Shrubs typically have several stems arising from or near the ground, but may be taller than 5 meters or single-stemmed under certain environmental conditions.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/shrub
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
Additional detail tree
  • Tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
Additional detail tree
  • Tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Plant height max
Additional detail 6.1 m base age USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
median Additional detail 19.81 m mature USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shape
Additional detail conical
  • Conical
    A convex 3-D shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's resembling a cone (a 3-D shape with a round cross section that tapers).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002021
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Primary growth form
    The primary growth form on the landscape in relation to soil stabilization on slopes and streamsides. Each plant species is assigned the single growth form that most enhances its ability to stabilize soil.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryGrowthForm
Primary growth form
Additional detail single stem
  • Single stem
    Plant development by the production of one stem. Examples: corn (Zea mays) and American beech (Fagus grandifolia).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/singleStem
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
Additional detail high (>59)
  • High (>59)
    The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is higher than 59.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/highCNRatio
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Foliage texture
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Ecology

Data about <i>Picea mariana</i>
  • Frost free days
    The average number of frost-free days within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FrostFreeDays
Frost free days min
Additional detail 60 days USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
Precipitation tolerance min
Additional detail 12.7 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 1.52 m USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Soil depth
    The minimum depth of soil required for good growth. Plants that do not have roots such as rootless aquatic plants (floating or submerged) and epiphytes are assigned a minimum root depth value of zero.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilDepth
Soil depth min
Additional detail 40.64 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Temperature tolerance
    The minimum tolerable temperature is the lowest temperature recorded in the plant’s historical range. If this is not available, the record low January temperature recorded at climate stations within the current geographical range of the plant is used. This definition does not apply to summer annuals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureTolerance
Temperature tolerance min
Additional detail -61.7 degrees Celsius USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Habitat
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Habitat
Additional detail aerial habitat Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail boulder
  • Boulder
    A piece of rock with a grain size above 300 millimetres in diameter. Smaller boulders are, at times, referred to as rocks or stones.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000243
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail clay
  • Clay
    A group of hydrous aluminium phyllosilicate (phyllosilicates being a subgroup of silicate minerals) minerals (see clay minerals), that are typically less than 2micrometres in diameter. Clay consists of a variety of phyllosilicate minerals rich in silicon and aluminium oxides and hydroxides which include variable amounts of structural water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002982
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail clay soil Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cultivated habitat
  • Cultivated habitat
    A geographical feature modified by humans by the preparation of the land, usually for the purposes of growing crops.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000113
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cut
  • Cut
    An excavation of the Earth's surface to provide passage for a road, railway, canal, etc.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000474
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail delta
  • Delta
    A tract of alluvium formed at the mouth of a river where the deposition ofsome of its load exceeds its rate of removal, crossed by the divergent channels (distributaries) of the river.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000101
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail flood plain
  • Flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail gleysol
  • Gleysol
    Gleysols are wetland soils that, unless drained, are saturated with groundwater for long enough periods to develop a characteristic gleyic colour pattern. This pattern is essentially made up of reddish, brownish or yellowish colours at ped surfaces and/or in the upper soil layer or layers, in combination with greyish/bluish colours inside the peds and/or deeper in the soil.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002244
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail hammock
  • Hammock
    A patch of ground, distinct from and slightly above the surrounding plain or wetland. Often occurs in groups.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000516
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail histosol
  • Histosol
    Histosols comprise soils formed in organic material. These vary from soils developed in predominantly moss peat in boreal, arctic and subarctic regions, via moss peat, reeds/ sedge peat (fen) and forest peat in temperate regions to mangrove peat and swamp forest peat in the humid tropics. Histosols are found at all altitudes, but the vast majority occurs in lowlands.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002243
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail humus
  • Humus
    Organic matter in soil which has reached a point of stability, where it will break down no further and might, if conditions do not change, remain essentially as it is for centuries, or millennia.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000000
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake bed Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail loam
  • Loam
    A soil composed of sand, silt, and clay in relatively even concentration (about 40-40-20% concentration respectively).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002258
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mound Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mount
  • Mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peat soil Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peatland
  • Peatland
    A wetland type that accumulates acidic peat, a deposit of dead plant material.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000044
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail permafrost
  • Permafrost
    Soil at or below the freezing point of water (0C or 32F) for two or more years. Ice is not always present, as may be in the case of nonporous bedrock, but it frequently occurs and it may be in amounts exceeding the potential hydraulic saturation of the ground material.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000134
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plantation
  • Plantation
    An intentional planting of a crop, on a large scale, usually for uses other than cereal production or pasture. The term is currently most often used for plantings of trees and shrubs. The term tends also to be used for plantings maintained on economic bases other than that of subsistence farming.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000117
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plateau
  • Plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail podzol
  • Podzol
    Podzols are soils with a typically ash-grey upper subsurface horizon, bleached by loss of organic matter and iron oxides, on top of a dark accumulation horizon with brown, reddish or black illuviated humus and/or reddish Fe compounds. Podzols occur in humid areas in the boreal and temperate zones and locally also in the tropics.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002257
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sand
  • Sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sandur
  • Sandur
    The plain formed by the large amounts of silt and sediment, picked up as a glacier erodes the underlying rocks as it moves slowly downhill, and at the snout of the glacier, meltwater can carry this sediment away from the glacier and deposit it on a broad plain. The material in the outwash plain is often size-sorted by the water runoff of the melting glacier with the finest materials, like silt, being the most distantly re-deposited, whereas larger boulders are the closest to the original terminus of the glacier.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000312
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail scrubland
  • Scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea
  • Sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shrubland biome
  • Shrubland biome
    A shrubland biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, dense groups of shrubs.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000176
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail swamp
  • Swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrace
  • Terrace
    A step-like feature between higher and lower ground: a relatively flat or gently inclined shelf of earth, backed and fronted by steep slopes or manmade detaining walls.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000508
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
  • Wetland Indicator Status (NWPL)
    Five indicator statuses, or ratings, are used in the United States National Wetland Plant List to designate a plant species’ preference for occurrence in a wetland or upland: Upland (UPL), Facultative Upland (FACU), Facultative (FAC), Facultative Wetland (FACW), and Obligate Wetland (OBL). The statuses represent the estimated probability of a species occurring in wetlands versus nonwetlands in a region.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/WetlandIndicatorStatus
Wetland Indicator Status (NWPL)
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail American Elm GloBI  
Additional detail American Elm GloBI  
Additional detail American White Birch GloBI  
Additional detail American White Birch GloBI  
Additional detail Arborvitae GloBI  
Additional detail Arborvitae GloBI  
Additional detail Beaked Hazel GloBI  
Additional detail Beaked Hazel GloBI  
Additional detail Black Ash GloBI  
Additional detail Black Ash GloBI  
Additional detail Bluejoint Grass GloBI  
Additional detail Bluejoint Grass GloBI  
Additional detail Bog Bilberry GloBI  
Additional detail Bog Bilberry GloBI  
Additional detail Bog-rosemary GloBI  
Additional detail Bog-rosemary GloBI  
Additional detail Bunchberry Dogwood GloBI  
Additional detail Bunchberry Dogwood GloBI  
Additional detail Canada Balsam GloBI  
Additional detail Canada Balsam GloBI  
Additional detail Canada Mayflower GloBI  
Additional detail Canada Mayflower GloBI  
Additional detail Common Labrador Tea GloBI  
Additional detail Common Labrador Tea GloBI  
Additional detail Cup Lichen GloBI  
Additional detail Cup Lichen GloBI  
Additional detail Feathermoss GloBI  
Additional detail Feathermoss GloBI  
Additional detail Fireweed GloBI  
Additional detail Fireweed GloBI  
Additional detail Jack Pine GloBI  
Additional detail Jack Pine GloBI  
Additional detail Knight's Plume Moss GloBI  
Additional detail Knight's Plume Moss GloBI  
Additional detail Leatherleaf GloBI  
Additional detail Leatherleaf GloBI  
Additional detail Lingonberry GloBI  
Additional detail Lingonberry GloBI  
Additional detail Littletree Willow GloBI  
Additional detail Littletree Willow GloBI  
Additional detail Mountain Alder GloBI  
Additional detail Mountain Alder GloBI  
Additional detail Mountain Maple GloBI  
Additional detail Mountain Maple GloBI  
Additional detail Pale Laurel GloBI  
Additional detail Pale Laurel GloBI  
Additional detail Peat Moss GloBI  
Additional detail Peat Moss GloBI  
Additional detail Prickly Rose GloBI  
Additional detail Prickly Rose GloBI  
Additional detail Quaking Aspen GloBI  
Additional detail Quaking Aspen GloBI  
Additional detail Red Maple GloBI  
Additional detail Red Maple GloBI  
Additional detail Red Raspberry GloBI  
Additional detail Red Raspberry GloBI  
Additional detail Red-osier Dogwood GloBI  
Additional detail Red-osier Dogwood GloBI  
Additional detail Serrated Wintergreen GloBI  
Additional detail Serrated Wintergreen GloBI  
Additional detail Sheep Laurel GloBI  
Additional detail Sheep Laurel GloBI  
Additional detail Speckled Alder GloBI  
Additional detail Speckled Alder GloBI  
Additional detail Stairstep Moss GloBI  
Additional detail Stairstep Moss GloBI  
Additional detail Starflower GloBI  
Additional detail Starflower GloBI  
Additional detail Swamp Birch GloBI  
Additional detail Swamp Birch GloBI  
Additional detail Tall Bluebells GloBI  
Additional detail Tall Bluebells GloBI  
Additional detail Tussock Cotton-grass GloBI  
Additional detail Tussock Cotton-grass GloBI  
Additional detail Twinflower GloBI  
Additional detail Twinflower GloBI  
Additional detail Wild Sarsaparilla GloBI  
Additional detail Wild Sarsaparilla GloBI  
  • Has parasite
    non-mutual relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasParasite
Has parasite
Additional detail Coleosporium tussilaginis GloBI  
Additional detail Melampsora populnea GloBI  
Additional detail Pine Blister Rust GloBI  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail Amanita singeri GloBI  
Additional detail American Elm GloBI  
Additional detail Anthostomella conorum GloBI  
Additional detail Anthostomella formosa GloBI  
Additional detail Anthostomella sabinianae GloBI  
Additional detail Anungitea continua GloBI  
Additional detail Arborvitae GloBI  
Additional detail Canada Balsam GloBI  
Additional detail Chalara fusidioides GloBI  
Additional detail Cistella acuum GloBI  
Additional detail Conifer Aphid GloBI  
Additional detail Conifer Disco GloBI  
Additional detail Coniochaeta malacotricha GloBI  
Additional detail Copper Spike GloBI  
Additional detail Crumenulopsis sororia GloBI  
Additional detail Dacrymyces variisporus GloBI  
Additional detail Dendrodochium citrinum GloBI  
Additional detail Dendrodochium pinastri GloBI  
Additional detail Dennisiodiscus GloBI  
Additional detail Dyer's Polypore GloBI  
Additional detail Earth Stars GloBI  
Additional detail Endophragmiella pinicola GloBI  
Additional detail Engelmann Spruce GloBI  
Additional detail Fujimyces oödes GloBI  
Additional detail Fusidium griseum GloBI  
Additional detail Gastrodes grossipes GloBI  
Additional detail Gorgoniceps aridula GloBI  
Additional detail Gremmeniella abietina GloBI  
Additional detail Hamatocanthoscypha laricionis GloBI  
Additional detail Hendersonia acicola GloBI  
Additional detail Honey Fungus GloBI  
Additional detail Hyaloscypha aureliella GloBI  
Additional detail Hyaloscypha leuconica GloBI  
Additional detail Kriegeriella mirabilis GloBI  
Additional detail Lachnum pulverulentum GloBI  
Additional detail Lichenopeltella pinophylla GloBI  
Additional detail Lophium mytilinum GloBI  
Additional detail Lophodermella conjuncta GloBI  
Additional detail Lophodermium conigenum GloBI  
Additional detail Lophodermium seditiosum GloBI  
Additional detail Microthyrium pinophyllum GloBI  
Additional detail Mycosphaerella pini GloBI  
Additional detail Nectria pinea GloBI  
Additional detail Orbilia leucostigma GloBI  
Additional detail Pezicula livida GloBI  
Additional detail Phlebiopsis gigantea GloBI  
Additional detail Red Pine GloBI  
Additional detail Russula torulosa GloBI  
Additional detail Sphaeropsis sapinea GloBI  
Additional detail Stomiopeltis pinastri GloBI  
Additional detail Strasseria geniculata GloBI  
Additional detail Stypella dubia GloBI  
Additional detail Svart Grankvistskal GloBI  
Additional detail Sydowia polyspora GloBI  
Additional detail Tamarack Larch GloBI  
Additional detail Tiny Earthstar GloBI  
Additional detail Tricholoma batschii GloBI  
Additional detail Trimmatostroma scutellare GloBI  
Additional detail Western Conifer-seed Bug GloBI  
Additional detail Xyela GloBI  
Fire resistance
Additional detail is not fire resistant USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Allelopathic effect
    This is an assay of any direct or indirect, harmful or beneficial effect of one plant on another through the production of chemical compounds (allelochemicals) that escape in the environment.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000624
Allelopathic effect
Additional detail no known allelopathy
  • No known allelopathy
    There is no evidence that the organism produces compounds (allelochemicals) that influence the growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/allelopathyUnknown
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Soil requirements
Additional detail adapted to coarse textured soils
  • Adapted to coarse textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a coarse textured surface layer. Includes: Sand, Coarse sand, Fine sand, Loamy coarse sand, Loamy fine sand, Loamy very fine sand, Very fine sand, Loamy sand.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coarseSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail adapted to fine textured soils
  • Adapted to fine textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a fine textured surface layer. Includes: Sandy clay, Silty clay, Clay.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fineSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail adapted to medium textured soils
  • Adapted to medium textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a medium textured surface layer. Includes: Silt, Sandy clay loam, Very fine sandy loam, Silty clay loam, Silt loam, Loam, Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam, Coarse sandy loam.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Anaerobic soil tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Drought tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Calcareous soil tolerance
    The relative tolerance of the plant to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CalcareousSoilTolerance
Calcareous soil tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Moisture use
Additional detail high
  • High
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Salt tolerance
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shade tolerance
Additional detail high tolerance
  • High tolerance
    increased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's increased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002393
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Picea mariana</i>
Life cycle habit
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shedability
Additional detail evergreen
  • Evergreen
    Evergreen (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to retain foliage.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001733
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Bloom period
Additional detail late spring
  • Late spring
    The late part of the season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lateSpring
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Active growth period
Additional detail summer
  • Summer
    The season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94732
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Growth rate
Additional detail slow USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Life span
Additional detail moderate life span
  • Moderate life span
    A life span which is neither relatively low nor relatively high.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderateLifeSpan
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Grass growth type
Additional detail not a low growing grass
  • Not a low growing grass
    The growing point (terminal meristem) of the vegetative grass tiller does not remain at or near the crown.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowGrowingGrassNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Resprout ability after clipping
Additional detail will not resprout
  • Will not resprout
    The plant will not resprout following top (above ground biomass) removal.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ResproutNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Germination requirements
Additional detail cold stratification required
  • Cold stratification required
    Cold stratification significantly increases the seed germination percentage of this plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coldStratificationYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fire tolerance
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit/seed abundance
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed period end
Additional detail summer
  • Summer
    The season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94732
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed period begin
Additional detail summer
  • Summer
    The season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94732
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit/seed persistence
Additional detail fruit/seed is persistent
  • Fruit/seed is persistent
    The fruit or seed is persistent on the plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitPersistentYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seeds per pound average
Additional detail 404,800 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed spread rate
Additional detail slow USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seedling survival
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Vegetative spread rate
Additional detail slow USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Picea mariana</i>
  • Soil pH
    The soil pH, of the top 12 inches of soil, within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilPH
Soil pH min
Additional detail 4.7 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 6.5 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Nitrogen fixation
    The process in which nitrogen is taken from its relatively inert molecular form (N2) in the atmosphere and converted into nitrogen compounds useful for other chemical processes, such as ammonia, nitrate and nitrogen dioxide.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0009399
Nitrogen fixation
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Primary macronutrient requirements
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Conservation

Data about <i>Picea mariana</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Stable IUCN  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Picea mariana</i>
Livestock bloat potential
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Horticulture
Additional detail flower is not conspicuous
  • Flower is not conspicuous
    Flowers are not conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/flowerConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail fruit/seed is not conspicuous
  • Fruit/seed is not conspicuous
    The fruit or seed is not conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitSeedConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail is not fall conspicuous
  • Is not fall conspicuous
    The leaves or fruits are not conspicuous during Autumn from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fallConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
  • Not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
    The plant is not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture. Coppicing completely removes the canopy of woody plants, cutting them at or just above ground level.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coppicePotentialNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Foliage porosity winter
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the winter months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorosityWinter
Foliage porosity winter
Additional detail dense (low porosity)
  • Dense (low porosity)
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being incapable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowPorosity
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Foliage porosity summer
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the summer months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorositySummer
Foliage porosity summer
Additional detail dense (low porosity)
  • Dense (low porosity)
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being incapable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowPorosity
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Human/livestock toxicity
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Hedge tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Planting density min
Additional detail 300 per acre USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 700 per acre USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Commercial availability
Additional detail routinely available
  • Routinely available
    The plant is routinely available commercially.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/routinelyAvailable
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Plant propagation method
Additional detail not propogated by bulbs
  • Not propogated by bulbs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as bulbs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBulbsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by corms
  • Not propogated by corms
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as corms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCormsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sod
  • Not propogated by sod
    This plant does not lend itself to being developed as a sod product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySodNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sprigs
  • Not propogated by sprigs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by sprigs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySprigsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by tubers
  • Not propogated by tubers
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by tubers.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByTubersNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by bare root
  • Propogated by bare root
    It is practical to propagate this plant as a bare root product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBareRootYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by container
  • Propogated by container
    This plant lends itself to being developed as a container product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByContainerYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by cuttings
  • Propogated by cuttings
    It is practical to propagate this plant as either stem or root cuttings.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCuttingsYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by seed
  • Propogated by seed
    It is practical to propagate this plant by seed.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySeedYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Grain type
Additional detail is not a small grain
  • Is not a small grain
    The plant is not a small grain. A small grain is a cereal (as wheat, oats, barley, rye, rice) having relatively small kernels or sometimes a relatively small plant as distinguished from a plant (as corn) with large kernels or sometimes from a cereal (as sorghum) with a large plant but small kernels or from a similarly cultured and used seed (as soybean) with a relatively small plant and large seeds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/smallGrainNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Uses
Additional detail no berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
  • No berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
    The plant does not produce berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits that are palatable to humans.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/palatableHumansNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
  • Not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
    This woody perennial is not suitable for the commercial production of either berries, nuts, or seeds. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/berryNutSeedNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as post product
  • Not suitable as post product
    The tree or shrub is not commonly used and does not have high potential for the production of posts, poles, mine timbers, or railroad ties. Plants other than trees and shrubs are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/postProductNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as veneer product
  • Not suitable as veneer product
    The tree is not commonly used and does not have high potential to be used for commercial veneer or plywood. Plants other than trees are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/veneerNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not used as fodder product
  • Not used as fodder product
    The plant is not known to be used as animal fodder material. The definition of fodder from the Crop Science Society of America is: Coarse grasses such as corn or sorghum harvested with the seed and leaves green or alive, then cured and fed in their entirety as forage.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fodderNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable as Christmas tree product
  • Suitable as Christmas tree product
    The plant is known to be suitable for the Christmas tree market.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/christmasTreeYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable as lumber product
  • Suitable as lumber product
    The plant is suitable, or has potential, for use as a commercial lumber producer.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lumberYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable as nursery stock product
  • Suitable as nursery stock product
    This plant is suitable for production of nursery stock.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nurseryStockYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable as pulpwood product
  • Suitable as pulpwood product
    The woody perennial is commonly used or has high potential to be used for the production of pulpwood. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable" here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/pulpwoodYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable for naval store products
  • Suitable for naval store products
    This woody perennial is suitable for production of naval store products. Navel Store Products are defined as tar, pitch, turpentine, pine oil, rosin, and terpenes obtained from pine and other coniferous trees. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/navalStoreYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Fuelwood suitability
    The relative suitability or potential of a tree or shrub to produce fuelwood. If suitability is unknown, fuelwood potential is expressed in terms of weight (in lbs) per cubic foot of green wood. Relative values correspond to these numerical ranges: Low: <28; Medium: 28-35; High: >35. Plants other than trees and shrubs are left blank here.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FuelwoodSuitability
Fuelwood suitability
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Browse animal palatability
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  
Not invasive in
Additional detail United States (USA) US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  

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