The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Cody, W. J. 1996. Fl. Yukon Terr. i–xvii, 1–669. NRC Research Press, Ottawa.
  • Dendrologie 2(2): 263. 1873. (Dendrologie)
  • Farjon A. (2015). Conifer Database (version Jan 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Flora Boreali-Americana 2: 203. 1803. (Fl. Bor.-Amer.)
  • Holotype: Wight, W. F. 1907. Smithsonian Misc. Collect. 50: 174.
  • Hultén, E. 1968. Fl. Alaska i–xxi, 1–1008. Stanford University Press, Stanford.
  • K. Koch. 1873. In: Dendrol. 2 (2): 263.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Moss, E. H. 1983. Fl. Alberta (ed. 2) i–xii, 1–687. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
  • Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody. 1980. Vasc. Pl. Continental Northw. Terr. Canada i–viii, 1–607. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa.
  • Welsh, S. L. 1974. Anderson's Fl. Alaska Adj. Parts Canada i–xvi, 1–724. Brigham Young University Press, Provo.
    1. Ahlgren, Clifford E. 1957. Phenological observations of nineteen  native tree species in northeastern Minnesota. Ecology 38:622-628.
    3. Benzie, John W. 1963. Cutting methods in mixed conifer swamps, Upper  Michigan. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper LS-4. Lake States Forest  Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN. 24 p.
    5. Boelter, Don H., and Gordon E. Close. 1974. Pipelines in forested  wetlands: cross drainage needed to prevent timber damage. Journal of  Forestry 72:561-563.
    7. Brown, Kevin R. 1981. Personal communication. USDA Forest Service,  Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fairbanks, AK. 
    9. Clausen, J. Johanna, and T. T. Kozlowski. 1970. Observations on  growth of long shoots in Larix laricina. Canadian Journal of  Botany 48:1045-1048.
    11. Curtis, John T. 1959. The vegetation of Wisconsin: an ordination of  plant communities. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 657 p.
    13. Dawson, Deanna K. 1979. Bird communities associated with succession  and management of lowland conifer forests. In Management of  north central and northeastern forests for nongame birds: workshop  proceedings, 1979. p. 120-131. USDA Forest Service, General Technical  Report NC-51. North Central Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN. 
    15. Denyer, W. B. G., and C. G. Riley. 1964. Dieback and mortality of  tamarack caused by high water. Forestry Chronicle 40:334-338.
    17. Drooz, A. T. 1960. The larch sawfly, its biology and control. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 1212. Washington, DC. 52  p.
    19. Elliott, Deborah L. 1979. The current regenerative capacity of the  northern Canadian trees, Keewatin, N.W.T., Canada: some preliminary  observations. Arctic and Alpine Research 11:243-251.
    21. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and  Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 p.
    23. Fowells, H. A., comp. 1965. Silvics of forest trees of the United  States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 271.  Washington, DC. 762 p.
    25. Fowler, D. P,, H. G. MacGillivray, S. A. M. Manley, and J. M. Bonga.  1971. Tree breeding in the Maritimes Region, 196869. In Proceedings,  Twelfth Meeting of Committee on Forest Tree Breeding in Canada, 1970.  Pt. 2, p. 3-13. Canadian Forestry Service, Ottawa, ON.
    27. Glerum, C., and G. Pierpoint. 1968. The influence of soil moisture  deficits on seedling growth of three coniferous species. Forestry  Chronicle 44(5):26-29.
    29. Hall, J. Peter. 1977. Comparison of the early growth of Larix and  Picea in plantations in Newfoundland. Canadian Forestry Service,  Bi-monthly Research Notes 33:13-14.
    31. Hedlin, Alan F., Harry O. Yates III, David Cibrian Tovar, and others.  1980. Cone and seed insects of North American conifers. Canadian  Forestry Service, U.S. Forest Service, and Secretaria de Agricultura y  Recursos Hidrdulicos, Mexico. 122 p.
    33. Heinselman, M. L. 1970. Landscape evolution, peatland types, and the  environment in the Lake Agassiz Peatlands Natural Area, Minnesota.  Ecological Monographs 40:235-261.
    35. Heit, C. E. 1972. Propagation from seed. Part 23: Growing larches.  American Nurseryman 135(8):14-15, 99-110.
    37. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees of the  United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 386.  Washington, DC. 658 p.
    39. Jeffers, R. M., and J. G. Isebrands. 1974. Larch potential in the  North-Central States. In Proceedings, Eighth Central States Forest Tree  Improvement Conference, 1972. p. 80-85. University of Missouri,  Columbia.
    41. Johnston, William F. 1973. Tamarack seedlings prosper on broadcast  burns in Minnesota peatland. USDA Forest Service, Research Note NC-153.  North Central Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN. 3 p.
    43. Johnston, William F. 1975. Reproducing lowland conifer forests.  Journal of Forestry 73:17-20.
    45. Johnston, William F., and Eugene M. Carpenter. 1985. Tamarack-an  American wood. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, FS-268.  Washington, DC. 7 p.
    47. Lamontagne, Yves. 1974. Germination retarded but protection enhanced  in conifer seed after coating. Tree Planters' Notes 25(l):14-16.
    49. Lemmien, W. A., V. J. Rudolph, and J. F. Marzec. 1969. Forest  plantings on a wet site in Michigan. Journal of Forestry 67:186-189. 
    51. Logan, K. T. 1966. Growth of tree seedlings as affected by light  intensity. II. Red pine, white pine, jack pine and eastern larch. Canada  Department of Forestry, Publication 1160. Ottawa, ON. 19 p.
    53. Lucas, J. S. 1981. Personal communication. Ontario Ministry of  Natural Resources, Ramsayville.
    55. Mullin, R. E., and A. J. Campbell. 1975. Planting tests on the  shallow soils of eastern Ontario. Tree Planters' Notes 26(3):9,27.
    57. Ostry, Michael E., and Thomas H. Nicholls. 1979. Eastern dwarf  mistletoe on black spruce. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest  Service, Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet 158. Washington, DC. 7 p. 
    59. Pauley, Scott S. 1965. Seed sources of tamarack, Larix laricina (Du  Roi) K. Koch. In Proceedings, Fourth Central States Forest Tree  Improvement Conference, 1964. p. 31-34. Nebraska Agricultural Experiment  Station, Lincoln.
    61. Rehfeldt, Gerald E. 1970. Genecology of Larix laricina (Du Roi) K.  Koch in Wisconsin. 1. Patterns of natural variation. Silvae Genetica  19:9-16.
    63. Riemenschneider, Don E., and R. M. Jeffers. 1980. Height and diameter  of tamarack seed sources in northern Wisconsin. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper NC-190. North Central Forest Experiment Station, St.  Paul, MN. 6 p.
    65. Roe, Eugene 1. 1960. Restoring swamp conifers on brushy lowland  requires adequate brush control, large stock, and careful planting. USDA  Forest Service, Technical Note 584. Lake States Forest Experiment  Station, St. Paul, MN. 2 p.
    67. Rose, A. H., and 0. H. Lindquist. 1980. Insects of eastern larch,  cedar and juniper. Canadian Forestry Service, Forestry Technical Report  28. Ottawa, ON. 100 p.
    69. Rowe, J. S., and G. W. Scotter. 1973. Fire in the boreal forest.  Quaternary Research 3:444-464.
    71. Rudolf, Paul 0. 1974. Larix Mill. Larch. In Seeds of woody plants in  the United States. C.S. Schopmeyer, tech. coord. p. 478-485. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 450. Washington, DC. 
    73. Schipper, Arthur L., Jr., Katharine D. Widin, and Robert L. Anderson.  1978. How to identify leaf rust of poplar and larch. USDA Forest  Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN. 5 p. 
    75. Sims, R. A., J. L. Riley, and J. K. Jeglum. 1979. Vegetation, flora  and vegetational ecology of the Hudson Bay Lowland: a literature review  and annotated bibliography. Canadian Forestry Service, Report O-X-297.  Sault Ste. Marie, ON. 177 P.
    77. Stanek, W. 1977. Ontario clay belt peatlands-are they suitable for  forest drainage? Canadian Journal of Forest Research 7:656-665.
    79. Stoeckeler, Joseph H. 1967. Wetland road crossings: drainage problems  and timber damage. USDA Forest Service, Research Note NC-27. North  Central Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN. 4 p.
    81. Thompson, L. C., and H. M. Kulman. 1976. Vegetation of tamarack  stands in north central Minnesota. Minnesota Forestry Research Notes 255  (revised). University of Minnesota, St. Paul. 4 p.
    83. Thompson, L. C., H. M. Kulman, and J, A. Witter. 1977. Introduction,  establishment, and dispersal of exotic parasites of the larch sawfly in  Minnesota. Environmental Entomology 6:649-656.
    85. Tilton, Donald L. 1977. Seasonal growth and foliar nutrients of Larix  laricina in three wetland ecosystems. Canadian Journal of Botany  55:1291-1298.
    87. Tubbs, Carl H. 1976. Effect of sugar maple root exudate on seedlings  of northern conifer species. USDA Forest Service, Research Note NC-213.  North Central Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN. 2 p.
    89. Vaartaja, 0. 1959. Evidence of photoperiodic ecotypes in trees.  Ecological Monographs 29:91-111.
    91. Viereck, Leslie A., and Elbert L. Little, Jr. 1972. Alaska trees and  shrubs. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 410.  Washington, DC. 265 p.
    93. Whitney, Roy D., and Wendy P. Bohaychuk. 1976. Pathogenicity of Polyporus  tomentosus and P. tomentosus var. circinatus on  seedlings of 11 conifer species. Canadian Journal of Forest Research  6:129-131.
    95. Wile, B. C. [19811. Tamarack. Canadian Forestry Service Leaflet.  Ottawa, ON. 10 p.
    97. Wilson, Louis F. 1977. A guide to insect injury of conifers in the  Lake States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 501.  Washington, DC. 218 p.
    99. Zasada, John C. 1981. Personal communication. USDA Forest Service,  Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fairbanks, AK.
    101. Zavitkovski, J., and David H. Dawson. 1978. Intensively cultured  plantations: structure and biomass production of 1 to 7-year-old  tamarack in Wisconsin. Tappi 61(6):68-70.
    103. Zoltai, S. C. 1973. The range of tamarack (Larix laricina [Du  Roil K. Koch) in northern Yukon Territory. Canadian Journal of Forest  Research 3:461-464.


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