The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • A Description of the Genus Pinus, ed. 3 pp. 144 & 145. 1832. (Descr. Pinus (ed. 3))
  • Bailey, L.H. & E.Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. MacMillan, New York.
  • Bean, W.J. 1980. Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, ed. 8, Vols. 1-4. John Murray, London
  • Farjon A. (2013). Conifer Database (version Jul 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Farjon, A. 1990. Pinaceae. [Regnum Vegetabile Vol. 121]. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein
  • Flora der Gegend um Berlin 2: 793. 1824. (Flora der Gegend um Berlin)
  • Hitchcock, C. H., A.J. Cronquist, F. M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular Cryptogams, Gymnosperms, and Monocotyledons. 1: 1–914. In C. L. Hitchcock Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N.W. University of Washington Press, Seattle.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. Cal. Fl. 1–1681. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Rehd. 1940. In: Rhodora 42: 522.
  • Rhodora 42(504): 522. 1940. (Rhodora)
  •    
       
    1. Carkin, Richard E., Jerry F. Franklin, Jack Booth, and Clark E.  Smith. 1978. Seeding habits of upper-slope tree species. IV. Seed flight  of noble fir and Pacific silver fir. USDA Forest Service, Research Note  PNW-312. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station,  Portland, OR. 10 p.
    2.  
    3. Christie, J. M., and R. E. A. Lewis. 1961. Provisional yield tables  for Abies grandis and Abies nobilis. [British] Forestry  Commission Forest Record 47. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London. 48  p.
    4.  
    5. Dyrness, C. T., Jerry F. Franklin, and W. H. Moir. 1974. A  preliminary classification of forest communities in the central portion  of the western Cascades in Oregon. Coniferous Forest Biome Bulletin 4.  University of Washington, College of Forest Resources, Seattle. 123 p. 
    6.  
    7. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and  Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 p.
    8.  
    9. Filip, Gregory M., James S. Hadfield, and Craig Schmitt. 1979. Branch  mortality of true firs in west-central Oregon associated with dwarf  mistletoe and canker fungi. Plant Disease Reporter 63(3):189-193.
    10.  
    11. Fowells, H. A., comp. 1965. Silvics of forest trees of the United  States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 271.  Washington, DC. 762 p.
    12.  
    13. Franklin, Jerry F. 1983. Ecology of noble fir. In Proceedings,  Symposium on the biology and management of true fir in the Pacific  Northwest. p. 53-69. Chadwick Dearing Oliver and Reid M. Kenady, eds.  University of Washington, College of Forest Resources, Seattle.
    14.  
    15. Franklin, Jerry F. 1964. Some notes on the distribution and ecology  of noble fir. Northwest Science 38(l):1-13.
    16.  
    17. Franklin, Jerry Forest. 1966. Vegetation and soils in the subalpine  forests of the southern Washington Cascade Range. Thesis (Ph.D.),  Washington State University, Pullman. 132 p.
    18.  
    19. Franklin, Jerry F., and C. T. Dyrness. 1973. Natural vegetation of  Oregon and Washington. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report  PNW-8. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland,  OR. 417 p.
    20.  
    21. Franklin, Jerry F., and Thomas E. Greathouse. 1968. Identifying noble  fir source from the seed itself: a progress report. Western  Reforestation Coordinating Council Proceedings 1968:13-16. (Western  Forestry and Conservation Association, Portland, OR.)
    22.  
    23. Franklin, Jerry F., and Gary A. Ritchie. 1970. Phenology of cone and  shoot development of noble fir and some associated true firs. Forest  Science 16(3):356-364.
    24.  
    25. Franklin, Jerry F., Richard Carkin, and Jack Booth. 1974. Seeding  habits of upper-slope tree species. 1. A 12-year record of cone  production. USDA Forest Service, Research Note PNW-213. Pacific  Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 12 p.
    26.  
    27. Fujimori, Takao, Saburo Kawanabe, Hideki Saito, and others. 1976.  Biomass and primary production in forests of three major vegetation  zones of the Northwestern United States. Journal of the Japanese  Forestry Society 58(10):360-373.
    28.  
    29. Furniss, R. L., and V. M. Carolin. 1977. Western forest insects. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1339. Washington,  DC. 654 p.
    30.  
    31. Hanzlik, E. J. 1925. A preliminary study of the growth of noble fir.  Journal of Agricultural Research 31(10):929-934.
    32.  
    33. Harrington, Constance A., and Marshall D. Murray. 1983. Patterns of  height growth in western true firs. In Proceedings, Symposium on  the biology and management of true fir in the Pacific Northwest. p.  209-214. Chadwick Dearing Oliver and Reid M. Kenady, eds. University of  Washington, College of Forest Resources, Seattle.
    34.  
    35. Hemstrom, Miles A. 1979. A recent disturbance history of forest  ecosystems at Mount Rainier National Park. Thesis. (Ph.D.). Oregon State  University, Corvallis. 67 p.
    36.  
    37. Hepting, George H. 1973. Diseases of forest and shade trees of the  United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 386,  Washington, DC. 658 p.
    38.  
    39. Herman, Francis R., Robert 0. Curtis, and Donald J. DeMars. 1978.  Height growth and site index estimates for noble fir in high elevation  forests of the Oregon-Washington Cascades. USDA Forest Service, Research  Paper PNW-243. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station,  Portland, OR. 15 p.
    40.  
    41. Hofmann, J. V. 1917. Natural reproduction from seed stored in the  forest floor. Journal of Agricultural Research 11(l):1-26.
    42.  
    43. Isaac, Leo A. 1930. Seed flight in the Douglas-fir region. Journal of  Forestry 28(4):492-499.
    44.  
    45. Murray, Marshall Dale. 1973. True firs or Douglas-fir for timber  production on upper slopes in western Washington. Thesis (M.S.),  University of Idaho, Moscow. 58 p.
    46.  
    47. Owens, John N., and Marje Molder. 1977. Sexual reproduction of Abies  amabilis. Canadian Journal of Botany 55(21):2653-2667.
    48.  
    49. Schopmeyer, C. S., tech. coord. 1974. Seeds of woody plants in the  United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 450.  Washington, DC. 883 p.
    50.  
    51. Scurlock, John H. 1978. A study estimating seed potential of noble  fir (Abies procera Rehd.), and several factors affecting its seed  production. Thesis (M.S.), Oregon State University, Corvallis. 59 p. 
    52.  
    53. Sorensen, Frank C., Jerry F. Franklin, and Robert Woollard. 1976.  Self-pollination effect on seed and seedling traits in noble fir. Forest  Science 22(2):155-159.
    54.  
    55. Sullivan, Michael J. 1978. Regeneration of tree seedlings after  clearcutting on some upper-slope habitat types in the Oregon Cascade  Range. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper PNW-245. Pacific Northwest  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 17 p.
    56.  
    57. Thornburgh, Dale Alden. 1967. Dynamics of true fir-hemlock forests of  western Washington. Thesis (Ph.D.), University of Washington, Seattle.  192 p.
    58.  
    59. Wilcox, Hugh. 1954. Primary organization of active and dormant roots  of noble fir. American Journal of Botany 41(10):812-820.
    60.  
    61. Williams, Carroll B., Jr. 1968. Juvenile height growth of four  upper-slope conifers in the Washington and northern Oregon Cascade  Range. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper PNW-70. Pacific Northwest  Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 13 p.
    62.  
    63. Zavarin, Eugene, William B. Critchfield, and Karel Snajberk. 1978.  Geographic differentiation of monoterpenes from Abies procera and Abies  magnifica. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 6:267-278.
    64.  
     

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