The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Antonio Giordani Soika. 1962. The 3rd Danish Expedition to central Asia. Zoological Results 29. Diploptera (Insecta) from Afghanistan. Vidensk.Meddr.dansk.naturh.Foren. 124: (1962): Vidensk. Meddel., Dansk naturh. Foren. Copenhagen
  • Chiappa E, M Rojas & H Toro. 1990. Clave para los géneros de abejas de Chile (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Revista Chilena de Entomología (Chile) 18: 67-81.
  • Gusenleitner J. (2015). ZOBODAT: Zoological-Botanical Database (Vespoidea) (version 4.0, Oct 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2015. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication., version (09/2015) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations


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