IUCN threat status:

Data Deficient (DD)

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Limnonectes khasianus, Anderson’s Khasi Hills frog, has had a complex taxonomic history.  This frog was collected and described independently by two separate authors: first as Pyxicephalus khasianus (Anderson 1871 described specimens collected by T. Jerdon), and then as Rana laticeps by Boulenger (1882).  In 1920, a spelling error further confounded the situation by introducing another name, Pyxicephalus khasiensis, that spread through the literature.  The status of the type specimens and their names was recently untangled by Ohler and Deuti (2013) as they traced the literature and measured P. khasianus and R. laticeps type specimens to find these names synonymous.  They thus restored valid name as Limnonectes khasianus.  The frog is known by several common names.  As L. khasianus it was called Anderson's Khasi Hills Frog, and Khasi Wart Frog. As L. laticeps, it was known as Corrugated Frog, Flat-headed Frog, Broad-headed Frog, Southern Big-headed Frog and Rivulet Frog (Frost 2016; Ohler and Deuti 2013).

Anderson’s Khasi Hills frog occurs in the Khasi and Garo hills of India (in isolated populations), to peninsular Thailand and Malaysia, Myanmar, Bengal, and Borneo (Frost 2016; Taylor 1962).  Adults live along the banks of small rivulets, pools, swampy seepage areas, and roadside drainages.  During the day, they hide under sand, gravel and rocks near the water’s edge, and forage in the water at night (van dijk et al. 2009; Taylor 1962).  When disturbed, this frog tends to freeze rather than hop away, and for this reason Taylor (1962) describes it as easy to catch. 

While subject to deforestation and habitat loss, this frog is common in peninsular Malaysia and locally abundant elsewhere.  As of 2009, the IUCN considered this frog as “of least concern” for extinction (van Dijk et al. 2009). 

Limnonectes khasianus is a reddish, light or dark brown above, with irregular dark patches and has a dark band between the eyes.  Its legs have dark bars across them.  Its underside is grey or whitish, and it often has brown spotting on its throat and bright orange-yellow on the under sides of its legs (Amphibians.my 2016)


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© Dana Campbell

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