Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species occurs on the Atlantic slopes of southern Mexico and northern Central America from Oaxaca and southern Veracruz through northern Chiapas, Mexico, and into El Peten and northern Alta Verapaz in Guatemala, and also Belize (from 300-1,200m asl). It is likely to occur more widely than current records suggest.
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Source: IUCN

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Physical Description

Type Information

Paratype for Smilisca cyanosticta
Catalog Number: USNM 111139
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Piedras Negras, Peten, Guatemala
  • Paratype: Smith, H. M. 1953. Herpetologica. 8: 150.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Holotype for Smilisca cyanosticta
Catalog Number: USNM 111147
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Piedras Negras, Peten, Guatemala
  • Holotype: Smith, H. M. 1953. Herpetologica. 8: 150.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Smilisca cyanosticta
Catalog Number: USNM 111145
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Piedras Negras, Peten, Guatemala
  • Paratype: Smith, H. M. 1953. Herpetologica. 8: 150.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Smilisca cyanosticta
Catalog Number: USNM 111146
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Piedras Negras, Peten, Guatemala
  • Paratype: Smith, H. M. 1953. Herpetologica. 8: 150.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Smilisca cyanosticta
Catalog Number: USNM 111143
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Piedras Negras, Peten, Guatemala
  • Paratype: Smith, H. M. 1953. Herpetologica. 8: 150.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Smilisca cyanosticta
Catalog Number: USNM 111144
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Piedras Negras, Peten, Guatemala
  • Paratype: Smith, H. M. 1953. Herpetologica. 8: 150.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Smilisca cyanosticta
Catalog Number: USNM 111140
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Piedras Negras, Peten, Guatemala
  • Paratype: Smith, H. M. 1953. Herpetologica. 8: 150.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Smilisca cyanosticta
Catalog Number: USNM 111141
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Piedras Negras, Peten, Guatemala
  • Paratype: Smith, H. M. 1953. Herpetologica. 8: 150.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It can be found in vegetation in humid mid-altitude and montane forests, and also occurs in secondary forest. It breeds in temporary pools and streams, and in depressions in logs that fill up with water.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
NT
Near Threatened

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2004

Assessor/s
Georgina Santos-Barrera, Julian Lee, Manuel Acevedo, Paul Walker

Reviewer/s
Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)

Contributor/s

Justification
Although uncommon, its population appears to be stable throughout much of its range and some populations are protected in Biosphere reserves and Natural Parks.
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Population

Population
It is uncommon, but its population is stable in suitable habitat, in Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala. Recent surveys in Oaxaca, Mexico, indicate that it has disappeared from some localities.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
Habitat destruction is taking place in much of its range. The recently documented decline in Oaxaca has taken place in suitable habitat, and could be due to chytridiomycosis.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It occurs in several protected areas in Belize, and in the Reserva de Manantiales Montañas del Mico in Guatemala. It is also found in the Reserva de la Biósfera El Ocote, and the Reserva de la Biósfera Montes Azules in Mexico, although more forest protection is needed in Mexico. Further monitoring needs to be conducted to determine whether or not the recently documented decline is due to chytridiomycosis.
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Wikipedia

Smilisca cyanosticta

The blue-spotted Mexican tree frog, Smilisca cyanosticta, is a species of frog in the Hylidae family found in Belize, Guatemala, and Mexico. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, rivers, and intermittent freshwater marshes. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Source

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