Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species ranges from extreme south-eastern Chiapas, Mexico, along the Pacific versant to Volcán Atitlán, south-western Guatemala. Its altitudinal range is 1,500-2,100m asl.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It is an arboreal species, inhabiting pristine cloud forest habitats, and is often found in bromeliads. It breeds by direct development and is not dependent upon water.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
EN
Endangered

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2004

Assessor/s
Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, Manuel Acevedo, Ted Papenfuss

Reviewer/s
Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat along the Pacific versant of Guatemala and Mexico.
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Population

Population
Although it used to be common, it appears to have undergone declines and is now uncommon. It was common on Volcan Tacana in the 1970's, but no recent surveys have been made. It was rare, but still present in Departamento San Marcos in 2005.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
The major threat is the loss of cloud forest due to extensive agricultural activities (including agro-industry crop farming), logging, and human settlement.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It has been recorded from the 'Quetzal Reserve' close to Finca Insula in Chiapas, Mexico (Ted Papenfuss and Sean Rovito pers. comm., 2007), and from the proposed protected area of Volcán Atitlán. Surveys are urgently needed to establish the current population status of this species. It is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).
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Wikipedia

Engelhardt's climbing salamander

Engelhardt's Climbing Salamander (Bolitoglossa engelhardti) is a species of salamander in the Plethodontidae family. It is found in Guatemala and Mexico. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

References

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