Overview

Distribution

Latitude 57°N (Davis Strait) to Caribbean Sea
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Range Description

This species is found across the globe, including the Mediterranean, down to the Canary Islands and Mauritania, the Cape Verde Islands, West Africa, South Africa, East Africa, Comoros Islands and Madagascar (Galil 2000). In the Atlantic, this species is known from USA, Canada, Iceland and the Labrador Sea, down to the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea and also as far as Guyana and Chile (Galil 2000). Additionally it is present in the waters off Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, China Sea up to Japan and Taiwan (Galil 2000, Ahyong and Chan 2004, Ahyong and Galil 2006). It has been recorded in the Arabian Sea, Sri Lanka and Gulf of Aden (Galil 2000).
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Physical Description

Type Information

Holotype for Polycheles sculptus Smith
Catalog Number: USNM 39957
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: male;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): E. Tarr
Locality: S Of Sable Island, Nova Scotia, Canada, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 457 to 457
  • Holotype: 1880. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 2: 346, for 1879, pl. 7, figs. 1-6.
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Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species has been found on muddy substrates off the coast of Ireland and a Chilean methane seep area (ERT Scotland Ltd 2007, Sellanes et al. 2008). It is found between depths of 200 and 4,000 m.

Systems
  • Marine
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Depth range based on 212 specimens in 2 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 104 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 69 - 2857.5
  Temperature range (°C): 2.510 - 18.903
  Nitrate (umol/L): 5.738 - 38.659
  Salinity (PPS): 33.425 - 36.484
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.034 - 6.187
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.489 - 2.876
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.420 - 121.824

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 69 - 2857.5

Temperature range (°C): 2.510 - 18.903

Nitrate (umol/L): 5.738 - 38.659

Salinity (PPS): 33.425 - 36.484

Oxygen (ml/l): 1.034 - 6.187

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.489 - 2.876

Silicate (umol/l): 2.420 - 121.824
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Stereomastis sculpta

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Polycheles sculptus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.

Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

GGAGCCTGAGCTGGATTAATTGGAACTGCCTTA---AGACTCCTTATCCGCACAGAACTAGGACAACCAGGATCCTTTATTGGAGAT---GACCAAATCTTCAATGTAATTGTAACTGCCCATGCCTTTGTTATAATTTTCTTTATAGTGATACCAATTATAATCGGAGGTTTCGGAAATTGACTTTTACCTCTCATG---CTTTCCGCACCTGATATAGCTTTCCCCCGCCTCAATAATATAAGATTTTGATTACTACCCCCTTCCCTAATTCTCCTTCTATTCAGAGGATTAATTGAGAGAGGCGTTGGAACAGGATGAACTGTTTATCCACCTCTTTCCTCTTCTCTTGCTCACGCTGGCGCCTCAGTTGACCTC---GCAATTTTCTCGCTCCATTTAGCAGGGGTTTCTTCAATCTTAGGGGCTATTAATTTTATAACAACAGTTATCAATATACGACCCCTAGGAATAACTATAGATCGCCTTCCCCTATTCGTTTGAGCTGTCTTTATTACAATAATTCTTCTTCTTCTTTCACTCCCAGTTCTAGCAGGA---GCTATTACTATACTTCTTACAGACCGAAATTTAAACACTTCTTTTTTTGATCCTGCTGGAGGAGGGGATCCCATTCTCTATCAACATTTATTTTGATTTTTT---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------GAT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Polycheles sculptus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 8
Specimens with Barcodes: 10
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2011

Assessor/s
Chan, T.Y.

Reviewer/s
Collen, B., Livingstone, S. & Richman, N.

Contributor/s
Batchelor, A., De Silva, R., Dyer, E., Kasthala, G., Lutz, M.L., McGuinness, S., Milligan, H.T., Soulsby, A.-M. & Whitton, F.

Justification
Stereomastis sculpta is assessed as Least Concern because it has a very large distribution across the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans; lives at great depths and is not being impacted by any major threats.
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Population

Population
This species is described as abundant in the Catalan sea, western Mediterranean and the Mexican Gulf (Cartes and Sardia 1993, Wicksten and Packard 2005).

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
This species faces no major threat.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no specific conservation measures in place for this species.
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Wikipedia

Polycheles sculptus

Polycheles sculptus is a species of "strange, blind crustacean".[3] It has a cosmopolitan distribution in deep water, being found on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, in the Mediterranean Sea, and across much of the Indo-West Pacific,[4] at depths of 200–4,000 metres (660–13,000 ft).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ T. Y. Chan (2011). "Stereomastis sculpta". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved August 25, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Polycheles sculptus S. I. Smith, 1880". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved August 25, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c Bella Galil (2000). "Crustacea Decapoda: Review of the genera and species of the family Polychelidae Wood-Mason, 1874". In A. Crosnier. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM 21 (184): 285–387. 
  4. ^ Shane T. Ahyong & Tin-Yam Chan (2004). "Polychelid lobsters of Taiwan (Decapoda: Polychelidae)". Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 52 (1): 171–182. 


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