Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is known from two localities: the type locality of Parque Nacional Natural Las Orquideas, and from Murri in La Blanquita, both in Antioquia Department, in north-western Colombia, between 1,300 and 2,000m asl.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It occurs on vegetation alongside streams in sub-Andean forests. It has not been recorded outside forest. Its breeding habits are not known, though breeding is likely to take place in streams.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
CR
Critically Endangered

Red List Criteria
A3ce

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2004

Assessor/s
Andrés Acosta-Galvis, Wilmar Bolívar, Fernando Castro, John Lynch

Reviewer/s
Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Critically Endangered because of a projected population decline, estimated to be more than 80% over the next ten years, inferred from declines in other high altitude Atelopus species in the same region, probably due to chytridiomycosis.
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Population

Population
It is uncommon. There do not appear to be any confirmed records since 1973, but it is not known if this is indicative of a decline, or simply a lack of survey effort.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
The major threat is likely to be chytridiomycosis, leading to a catastrophic population decline, as has occurred in many other montane species of Atelopus. Forest destruction for the creation of fruit plantations is occurring within the species' range.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The type locality is within Parque Nacional Natural Las Orquideas. More research into the species' distribution range, ecological requirements, and population status is needed, in particular to determine if it occurs outside the vicinity of the two known localities; given the threat of chytridiomycosis, successful conservation measures will probably need to include the maintenance of any surviving individuals in captivity.
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Wikipedia

Rio Carauta stubfoot toad

The Rio Carauta stubfoot toad (Atelopus carauta) is a species of toad in the Bufonidae family endemic to Colombia; this anuran is found only within the northwestern Andean montane forests.[1] Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and rivers. The species is threatened by habitat loss.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2012. Northwestern Andean montane forests. ed. P. Saundry. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC
  2. ^ A. Acosta-Galvis, W. Bolívar, F. Castro & J. Lynch. 2004. Atelopus carauta. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 21 July 2007.
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