Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Sergestes arcticus Kröyer.

 

Oversigt Vidensk. Selsk. Forhandl. Kjöbenhaven, 1855, p. (6); Monograph. Sergostes, Vidensk. Selsk. Skr., V., Naturvidensk. mathem. Afh., IV. pp. 240, 276, Pl.III. figs. 7a -7g, Pl. V. fig. 16, 1856.

 

Smith, Proc. National Mus., Washington, III. p. 445, 1881.
Plate XVI. Fig. 4.

                                       
 

Station.

 
 

N. Lat.

 
 

W. Long.

 
 

Fathoms.

 
 

Specimens.

 
 

304

 
 

41°35’0”

 
 

65°57’30”

 
 

139

 
 

Fragments only.

 
 

309

 
 

40°11’40”

 
 

68°22’0”

 
 

304

 
 

1 ♀

 
 

326

 
 

33°42’15”

 
 

76°0’50”

 
 

464

 
 

1 ♂, 1 ♀

 
 

337

 
 

38°20’8”

 
 

73°23’20”

 
 

740

 
 

1 ♀, 55mm. in length.

 
 

In this species there is an epipod and a well-developed podobranchia at the base of the second maxilliped, and above its base a simple lamella in place of a pleurobranchia, a large anterior pleurobranchia with a simple lamella back of it on each of the three succeeding somites, a large anterior and a small posterior pleurobranchia on the antepenultimate somite, and on the penultimate somite two small branchiæ, of which the posterior is very much the smaller, while the last somite is without branchiæ; or, indicating the simple pleurolamellæ by accents, the branchial formula* may be indicated as follows : —

                                                                            
 

Somites.

 
 

VII.

 
 

VIII,

 
 

IX.

 
 

X.

 
 

XI.

 
 

XII.

 
 

XIII.

 
 

XIV.

 
 

Total.

 
 

Epipods

 
 

1

 
 

1

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

(2)

 
 

Podobranchiæ

 
 

0

 
 

1

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

1

 
 

Arthrobraniæ

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

0

 
 

Pleurobranchiæ

 
 

0

 
 

0’

 
 

1’

 
 

1’

 
 

1’

 
 

2

 
 

2

 
 

0

 
 

7

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

8+(2)

 
 

The structure of the branchiæ themselves, in this and in the two following species as well, is very different from that in Penæus, or any of the Penæidæ described in this paper. The branchiæ are pinnate in form, and each pinna is a complete phyllobranchiæ; that is, they are compound phyllobranchiæ, while those of Penæus are compound trichobranchiæ. The structure is more like that in Sicyonia (judging by Bate's description of the branchiæ of that genus) than that in Penæus.

 

The first pair of thoracic legs are subchelate, and the dactyli of the external maxillipeds and the propodi of the first, second, and third pairs of legs are multiarticulate, as in the next species, the articulations being more conspicuous than in that species. These structural characters of the thoracic legs are, however, undoubtedly characteristic of all the species of the genus.

 

* Boas (Studier over Decapodernes Stægtskabsforhold, Vidensk. Selsk. Skr., VI., Natuvidensk. mathem. Afh., I., 1880), for S. Frisii Kröyer, gives an epipod and a rudimentary arthrobranchia for the eighth somite and a single pleurobranchia for each of the succeeding somites including the last. Bate (Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 5th ser., VIII. p. 193, 1881 ), gives, for the genus Sergestes, a " mastibranchia" (epipod) and one pleurobranchia for the eighth somite, a single pleurobranchia for the ninth, a pleurobranchia and pleurolamella each for the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth, two pleurobranchiæ for the thirteenth, and nothing for the last; but under S. Kröyeri he says, "This species has two well-developed pleurobranchiæ attached to the penultimate somite of the pereion, two to the antepenultimate, one plume and a leaflike plate to the next three somites, and one plume and a rudimentary mastibranchial plate to the first pair of gnathopoda" (second maxillipeds). This last statement of Bate would apparently indicate an arrangement of the branchiæ much like that which I have given above, or even nearer to that of S. robustus described beyond, but it is very unlike the arrangement indicated by his formula for the genus.“

 

(Smith, 1882)

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© National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

Source: Antarctic Invertebrates Website (NMNH)

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 588 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 503 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 4.5 - 4938
  Temperature range (°C): -0.587 - 19.742
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.257 - 42.225
  Salinity (PPS): 32.466 - 39.022
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.109 - 7.333
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.091 - 3.103
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.638 - 173.583

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 4.5 - 4938

Temperature range (°C): -0.587 - 19.742

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.257 - 42.225

Salinity (PPS): 32.466 - 39.022

Oxygen (ml/l): 1.109 - 7.333

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.091 - 3.103

Silicate (umol/l): 0.638 - 173.583
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Eusergestes arcticus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Sergestes arcticus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 12
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

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