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BiologyCallianassa shrimps are burrowing, deposit-feeding crustaceans that live in complex burrow systems. These burrows have numerous galleries and chambers and are connected to the surface by a tube. The burrows are found down to a depth of about 50 cm in marine soft sediments (Witbaard & Duineveld, 1989).
The parasitic isopod lone thoracica can sometimes be found in the branchial chamber beneath the carapace of C. subterranea (Rowden & Jones, 1994).