The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2004. pre-press, American Fisheries Society Special Publication 31
  • Boxshall, G. (2014). Lernaeocera branchialis (Linnaeus, 1767). In: Walter, T.C. & Boxshall, G. (2014). World of Copepods database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Brusca, R., G. Brusca. 2003. Invertebrates. Sunderland, Massachusets: Sinauer Associates, Inc..
  • Calman, W. T. 1911. Life of Crustacea. New York : the MacMillan Company; Fig. 73
  • Croll, N. 1966. Ecology of Parasites. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • Jones, J. 1998. Distant water sailors: parasitic copepoda of the open ocean. J. Marine Systems, 15: 207-214.
  • Lapage, G. 1951. Parasitic Animals. Cambridge: University Press.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1767). Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 12th ed. v. 1 (pt 2): 533-1327
  • Matthews, B. 1998. An Introduction to Parasitology. Cambridge: University Press.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Roberts, L., J. Janovy Jr.. 2000. Foundations of Parasitology. 6th Ed.. USA: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc..
  • Rohde, K. 1993. Ecology of Marine Parasites: An Introduction to Marine Parasitology. 2nd Ed.. Trowbridge (UK): Redwood Books.
  • Scholz, T. 2001. Parasites in cultured and feral fish. Veterinary Parasitology, 84: 317-335.
  • Schram, T., P. Heuch. 2001. The egg string attachment mechanism of selected pennellid copepods. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U. K., 81: 23-32.
  • Van Damme, P. 1995. . Morphological and morphometric study on crustacean parasites with the genus Lernaeocera . International J. for Parasitology, 25: 1401-1411.


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