Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Depth range based on 1283 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 35 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 50
  Temperature range (°C): 17.759 - 25.754
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.820 - 2.317
  Salinity (PPS): 28.899 - 35.846
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.680 - 5.490
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.175 - 0.741
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.842 - 9.087

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 50

Temperature range (°C): 17.759 - 25.754

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.820 - 2.317

Salinity (PPS): 28.899 - 35.846

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.680 - 5.490

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.175 - 0.741

Silicate (umol/l): 1.842 - 9.087
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Migration

Alien species

Prior to its introduction in Europe Acartia (Acanthacartia) tonsa only occurred in the Indo-Pacific region. The exact origin of the species however remains unknown. This small crustacean came to Europe through transport in ballast water of ships and in 1916, a first European observation was reported. In 1952 the species was found in the Sea Scheldt, a first mentioning of A. tonsa for our region. Later, in the sixties, the species was found in the Ostend Sluice Dock. Salty as well as brackish areas serve as its habitat and this alien species can compete with indigenous plankton species.
  • VLIZ Alien Species Consortium
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Alien species

Hoewel het langsprietroeipootkreeftje Acartia (Acanthacartia) tonsa vóór zijn introductie in Europa enkel terug te vinden was in de Indo-Pacifische regio en langs de oostkust van de Verenigde Staten, is de exacte herkomst van dit diertje toch onbekend. Deze kreeftachtige raakte via transport in ballastwater van schepen tot in Europa, waar de eerste melding dateert van 1916. In 1952 werd de soort voor het eerst bij ons waargenomen in de Zeeschelde. Later, in de jaren zestig, kwamen ook meldingen binnen vanuit de Oostendse Spuikom. De soort gedijt zowel in zoute als brakke wateren en kan in competitie treden met inheemse planktonsoorten. Een deel van het succes van deze exoot is te danken aan de productie van rusteieren.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Associations

Known predators

  • B. J. Copeland, K. R. Tenore, D. B. Horton, Oligohaline regime. In: Coastal Ecological Systems of the United States, H. T. Odum, B. J. Copeland, E. A. McMahan, Eds. (Conservation Foundation, Washington, DC, 1974) 2:315-357, from p. 318.
  • Christian RR, Luczkovich JJ (1999) Organizing and understanding a winter’s seagrass foodweb network through effective trophic levels. Ecol Model 117:99–124
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Source: SPIRE

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Known prey organisms

Acartia tonsa (Zooplankton) preys on:
Dinoflagellata
phytoplankton
bacterioplankton
Microprotozoa

Based on studies in:
USA: North Carolina, Pamlico (Estuarine)
USA: Florida (Estuarine)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • B. J. Copeland, K. R. Tenore, D. B. Horton, Oligohaline regime. In: Coastal Ecological Systems of the United States, H. T. Odum, B. J. Copeland, E. A. McMahan, Eds. (Conservation Foundation, Washington, DC, 1974) 2:315-357, from p. 318.
  • Christian RR, Luczkovich JJ (1999) Organizing and understanding a winter’s seagrass foodweb network through effective trophic levels. Ecol Model 117:99–124
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© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Acartia tonsa

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 68 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACTTTATATTTATTAGCAGGGATGTGATCAGGGATAGTCGGAACCGGTTTG---AGAATGATCATTCGAATAGAACTAGGCCAAGCAGGAAGATTAATTGGAGAT---GACCAAATTTATAACGTAGTGGTAACGGCTCACGCTTTTATTATAATTTTTTTTATAGTTATGCCTATTTTAATTGGAGGGTTTGGTAACTGATTAGTACCTCTAATA---TTAGGAGCAGCAGATATAGCTTTCCCTCGAATAAATAACATAAGATTTTGATTATTGTTACCAGCTTTAATTATACTATTATCCAGATCATTAGTAGAAAGGGGCGCTGGCACAGGATGAACAGTCTACCCTCCTTTGTCAAGTAATATCGCACATGCCGGAGCATCTGTAGACTTC---GCTATTTTTTCTTTACACCTCGCAGGTGCTAGGTCGATTTTAGGAGCAGTAAATTTTATTTCCACAATTGGCAACCTTCGGTCTTTTGGAATAGTGCTTGATTTGATGCCTTTGTTTGCATGAGCAGTTCTAATTACGGCAGTATTACTCCTACTATCACTACCTGTATTAGCTGGG---GCAATTACTATATTATTAACAGACCGAAATTTAAACTCTTCTTTTTATGACGCAAGGGGAGGAGGAGACCCAATTTTATACCAACATTTG------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TTT
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Acartia tonsa

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 70
Specimens with Barcodes: 72
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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