Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

21-27 mm. Dorsum light brown with regular dark brown pattern (triangular, Y-shaped, and heart-shaped markings) and two spots in the cloacal region. Flanks dark brown, with a sharp dorsolateral colour border. Hindlimbs yellowish-brown with indistinct crossbands. Forelimbs cream to beige. No flashmarks; posterodorsal part of femur and knee hollow orange. Upper part of iris light. Ventrally black with many small rounded whitish blue spots. Throat without continuous horseshoe marking, lower legs orange-red.

Similar species: M. bernhardi.

Taken with permission from Glaw and Vences (2007).

  • Nussbaum, R. and Raxworthy, C. (2008). Mantella haraldmeieri. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 22 April 2009.
  • Glaw, F., and Vences, M. (2007). Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences and Glaw Verlag, Köln.
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is known from at least ten localities in extreme south-eastern Madagascar, at 300-950m asl.
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Distribution and Habitat

Ambana, Andohahela, Bekazaha, Chaines Anosyennes, Manantantely, Nahampoana, Soavala. It occurs between 300-950m asl in rainforest and slightly degraded forest (Nussbaum and Raxworthy 2008).

  • Nussbaum, R. and Raxworthy, C. (2008). Mantella haraldmeieri. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 22 April 2009.
  • Glaw, F., and Vences, M. (2007). Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences and Glaw Verlag, Köln.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It is a terrestrial species in rainforest, including in slightly degraded forest. It lives along brooks and streams. The eggs are laid on land, and the larvae develop in streams.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
VU
Vulnerable

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2004

Assessor/s
Ronald Nussbaum, Christopher Raxworthy

Reviewer/s
Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than ten locations, and there is likely to be continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in southeastern Madagascar.
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Population

Population
It is locally common.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors

Habits: Found only in or near forests. Males call during the day along streams.

Calls: Series of short single-click notes.

Breeding takes place along brooks and streams. The eggs are laid on land and the larvae develop in streams (Nussbaum and Raxworthy 2008).

  • Nussbaum, R. and Raxworthy, C. (2008). Mantella haraldmeieri. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 22 April 2009.
  • Glaw, F., and Vences, M. (2007). Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences and Glaw Verlag, Köln.
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Threats

Major Threats
Its forest habitat is receding due to subsistence agriculture (including livestock grazing), timber extraction, charcoal manufacture, the spread of invasive eucalyptus, and expanding human settlements. It has appeared in very small numbers in the pet trade, but is not likely to be heavily collected.
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Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors

Vulnerable: extent of occurrence is less than 20,000 km2. All individuals are in fewer than ten locations, and there is likely to be continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in southeastern Madagascar. It occurs in Parc National d'Andohahela (Nussbaum and Raxworthy 2008).

  • Nussbaum, R. and Raxworthy, C. (2008). Mantella haraldmeieri. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 22 April 2009.
  • Glaw, F., and Vences, M. (2007). Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences and Glaw Verlag, Köln.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It occurs in Parc National d'Andohahela. It is listed on CITES Appendix II.
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Wikipedia

Haraldmeier's mantella

The Haraldmeier's Mantella (Mantella haraldmeieri) is a species of frog in the Mantellidae family. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.

References[edit source | edit]

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