Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This Australian endemic occurs in southwestern Western Australia from Geraldton in the north to Esperance in the south. The estimated altitudinal range of the species is from 0-600m asl.
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Distribution and Habitat

Southwestern Western Australia from Geraldton in the north to Esperance in the south.The extent of occurrence of the species is approximately 372000 km2

  • Barker, J., Grigg, G. C., and Tyler, M. J. (1995). A Field Guide to Australian Frogs. Surrey Beatty and Sons, New South Wales.
  • Tyler, M.J., Smith, L.A., and Johnstone, R.E. (1994). Frogs of Western Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth.
  • Cogger, H.G. (1992). Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. Reed Books, New South Wales.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The species is generally associated with clay or loam soils. It breeds in autumn or early winter in temporarily flooded clay pans, or pools in granite outcrops. Tadpoles take up to 120 days to metamorphose. In the "habitat preferences" section "other" refers to "clay pans".

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Neobatrachus pelobatoides

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 46
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2004

Assessor/s
Jean-Marc Hero, Dale Roberts

Reviewer/s
Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

History
  • 2002
    Least Concern
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Population

Population
It is a common species.

Population Trend
Stable
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Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors

Generally associated with clay or loam soils.Breeds in autumn or early winter in temporarily flooded claypans. Tadpoles take up to 120 days to metamorphose.

  • Barker, J., Grigg, G. C., and Tyler, M. J. (1995). A Field Guide to Australian Frogs. Surrey Beatty and Sons, New South Wales.
  • Tyler, M.J., Smith, L.A., and Johnstone, R.E. (1994). Frogs of Western Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth.
  • Cogger, H.G. (1992). Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. Reed Books, New South Wales.
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known threats to the species.
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Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors

No known declines and extent of occurrence > 20,000km2.

Threats
None known.

Conservation Measures
None in place.

  • Barker, J., Grigg, G. C., and Tyler, M. J. (1995). A Field Guide to Australian Frogs. Surrey Beatty and Sons, New South Wales.
  • Tyler, M.J., Smith, L.A., and Johnstone, R.E. (1994). Frogs of Western Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth.
  • Cogger, H.G. (1992). Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. Reed Books, New South Wales.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Its range includes multiple protected areas in Western Australia.
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Wikipedia

Humming frog

The humming frog (Neobatrachus pelobatoides) is a species of frog in the family Myobatrachidae. It is endemic to Australia. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, temperate shrubland, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, intermittent freshwater marshes, rocky areas, arable land, pastureland and open excavations.

Description[edit]

The humming frog is a plump frog with protuberant eyes that grows to a length of about 5 centimetres (2.0 in). The back is yellowish or greyish-brown in colour, dappled with darker markings and dotted with small warts. Some individuals have a red or a white streak along the spine. The underside is pale. The feet of females have webbing to halfway along the toes while the feet of males are fully webbed. This species gets its common name from the characteristic trill made by males at breeding time.[1]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The humming frog is endemic to the south western part of Western Australia, its range extending from Geraldton to Esperance. It is found in both sandy and clay areas of deserts and agricultural land at altitudes up to 600 metres (2,000 ft) and is a burrowing species. [1][2]

Biology[edit]

In the hottest part of the summer the humming frog buries itself deeply, sheds its skin to make a cocoon and aestivates.[3] During this period of dormancy its metabolic activity diminishes by up to 85% and its oxygen requirement is much reduced.[3] It emerges when the rains arrive in autumn and early winter and then finds its way to temporary pools and other water bodies to breed. Females lay up to a thousand eggs and the tadpoles undergo metamorphosis into juvenile frogs after about four months of development.[1][2]

Status[edit]

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species lists the humming frog as being of "Least Concern". The frog has an extensive range, some of which is in protected areas, has few threats and the population seems stable.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Neobatrachus pelobatoides". Australian Frog Database. Frogs Australia Network. Retrieved 2012-10-11. 
  2. ^ a b c Hero, J.-M.; Roberts, D. (2004). "Neobatrachus pelobatoides". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. Retrieved 2012-10-11. 
  3. ^ a b Flanigan, James E.; Withers, Philip C.; Guppy, Michael (1991). "In vitro metabolic depression of tissues from the aestivating frog Neobatrachus pelobatoides". Journal of Experimental Biology 161: 173–183. 
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