The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. Anderson, James D. 1961. The courtship behavior of Ambystoma macrodactylum croceum. Copeia. 2: 132-139. [27244]
  • 12. Howard, James H.; Wallace, Richard L. 1985. Life history characteristics of populations of the long-toed salamander (Ambystoma macrodactylum) from different altitudes. The American Midland Naturalist. 113(2): 361-373. [21751]
  • 13. Howard, James H.; Wallace, Richard L.; Stauffer, Jay R., Jr. 1983. Critical thermal maxima in populations of Ambystoma macrodactylum from different elevations. Journal of Herpetology. 17(4): 400-402. [27246]
  • 18. Munger, James C.; Peterson, Charles. 1993. A preliminary survey of the herpetofauna of Bruneau Resource Area, Boise District. Tech. Bulletin No. 93-2. Boise, ID: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Idaho State Office. 34 p. [23681]
  • 19. Oliver, James A. 1955. The natural history of North American amphibians and reptiles. Princeton, NJ: D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc. 359 p. [28336]
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2. Anderson, James D. 1967. A comparison of the life histories of coastal and montane populations of Ambystoma macrodactylum in California. The American Midland Naturalist. 77(2): 323-355. [23174]
  • 20. Russell, Anthony P.; Powell, G. Lawrence; Hall, Dean R. 1996. Growth and age of Alberta long-toed salamanders (Ambystoma macrodactylum krausei): a comparison of two methods of estimation. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 74: 397-412. [27247]
  • 2004. database, Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference
  • 21. Russell, R. W.; Anderson, James D. 1956. A disjunct population of the long-nosed salamander from the coast of California. Herpetologica. 12: 137-140. [23227]
  • 22. Schaub, David L.; Larsen, John H., Jr. 1978. The reproductive ecology of the Pacific treefrog (Hyla regilla). Herpetologica. 34(4): 409-416. [27248]
  • 26. State of California, Department of Fish and Game, Natural Heritage Division, Natural Diveristy Data Base. 1995. Endangered and threated animals of California. [Sacramento, CA]. 13 p. [24904]
  • 27. Stebbins, Robert C. 1985. Western reptiles and amphibians. 2nd ed. Peterson Field Guides No. 16. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 336 p. [22647]
  • 29. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2013. Listed animals. In: Environmental Conservation Online System, [Online]. In: Species reports. Available: http://ecos.fws.gov/tess_public/pub/listedAnimals.jsp. [86534]
  • 30. Verner, Jared; Boss, Allan S., tech. coords. 1980. California wildlife and their habitats: western Sierra Nevada. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-37. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 439 p. [10237]
  • 31. Walls, Susan C.; Beatty, Joseph J.; Tissot, Brian N.; [and others]. 1993. Morphological variation and cannibalism in a larval salamander (Ambystoma macrodactylum columbianum). Canadian Journal of Zoology. 71: 1543-1551. [27249]
  • 32. Williams, Thomas A.; Larsen, John H., Jr. 1986. New function for the granular skin glands of the eastern long-toed salamander, Ambystoma macrodactylum columbianum. Journal of Experimental Zoology. 239: 329-333. [23176]
  • 5. Beneski, John T., Jr.; Zalisko, Edward J.; Larsen, John H., Jr. 1986. Demography and migratory patterns of the eastern long-toed salamander, Ambystoma macrodactylum columbianum. Copeia. 1986(2): 398-408. [23175]
  • 6. Bernard, Stephen R.; Brown, Kenneth F. 1977. Distribution of mammals, reptiles, and amphibians by BLM physiographic regions and A.W. Kuchler's associations for the eleven western states. Tech. Note 301. Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management. 169 p. [434]
  • 7. Bradford, David F.; Swanson, Christina; Gordon, Malcolm S. 1994. Effects of low pH and aluminum on amphibians at high elevation in the Sierra Nevada, California. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 72(7): 1272-1279. [28331]
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2004. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2004. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)
  • Beneski, J. T. Jr., Zalisko, E. J., and Larsen, J. H. (1986). ''Demography and migratory patterns of the Eastern Long-toed Salamander Ambystoma macrodactylum columbianum.'' Copeia, 1986, 398-408.
  • Blaustein, A. R., Kiesecker, J. M., Chivers, D. P., and Anthony, R. G. (1997). "Ambient UV-B radiation causes deformities in amphibian embryos." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 94(25), 13735-13737.
  • Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Frank T. Burbrink, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed. 2008. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, With Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Sixth Ed. Herpetological Circular No. 37
  • Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Frank T. Burbrink, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed. 2008. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, With Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Sixth Ed. Herpetological Circular No. 37. 1-84
  • Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Jonathan A. Campbell, K. de Queiroz, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed. 2000. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding. Herpetological Circular, no. 29
  • Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Jonathan A. Campbell, K. de Queiroz, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed. 2000. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding. Herpetological Circular, no. 29. iv + 82
  • Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Jonathan A. Campbell, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed. 2000. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding. Herpetological Circular, no. 29
  • Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Jonathan A. Campbell, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed. 2000. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding. Herpetological Circular, no. 29. iv + 82
  • FEIS by the USDA Forest Service (Online source)   http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ External link.
  • Frost, Darrel R. 2009. database. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference v5.3
  • Holotype: Ruthven, A. G. 1912. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 41 (1874): 517.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Paratype: Ruthven, A. G. 1912. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 41 (1874): 517.
  • Petranka, J. W. (1998). Salamanders of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London.
  • Sessions, S. K., and Ruth, S. B. (1990). ''Explanation for naturally occurring supernumerary limbs in amphibians.'' Journal of Experimental Zoology, 254, 38-47.
  • Stebbins, R.C. (1951). Amphibians of Western North America. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Syntype: Baird, S. F. 1850. Journ. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2. 1: 292.

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