The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2004. database, Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference
  • 2005. "Washington Department of Natural Resources" (On-line). Accessed February 21, 2010 at http://www1.dnr.wa.gov/nhp/refdesk/herp/html/4spin.html.
  • 2010. "California Reptiles & Amphibians" (On-line). Accessed February 21, 2010 at http://www.californiaherps.com/frogs/pages/s.intermontana.html.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2004. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2004. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)
  • Bradford, D., J. Jaeger, S. Shanahan. 2005. Distributional Changes and Population Status of Amphibians in the Eastern Mojave Desert. Western North American Naturalist, 65/4: 462-472.
  • Bragg, A. 1965. Gnomes of the Night. Philadelphia: Univ. Pennsylvania Press.
  • Buchholz, D., T. Hayes. 2002. Evolutionary Patterns of Diversity in Spadefoot Toad Metamorphosis. Copeia, 2002/1: 180-189.
  • Buseck, R., D. Keinath, M. Geraud. 2005. "SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR GREAT BASIN SPADEFOOT TOAD (SPEA INTERMONTANA) IN WYOMING" (On-line pdf). Accessed April 18, 2010 at http://www.uwyo.edu/wynddsupport/docs/Reports/SpeciesAssessments/Great%20Basin%20Spadefoot%20Toad%20-%20Final%20%28Jan%202005%29.pdf.
  • Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Frank T. Burbrink, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed. 2008. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, With Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Sixth Ed. Herpetological Circular No. 37
  • Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Frank T. Burbrink, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed. 2008. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, With Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Sixth Ed. Herpetological Circular No. 37. 1-84
  • Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Jonathan A. Campbell, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed. 2000. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding. Herpetological Circular, no. 29
  • Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Jonathan A. Campbell, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed. 2000. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding. Herpetological Circular, no. 29. iv + 82
  • Drost, C. A., and Fellers, G. M. (1996). "Collapse of a regional frog fauna in the Yosemite area of the California Sierra Nevada, USA." Conservation Biology, 10(2), 414-425.
  • FEIS by the USDA Forest Service (Online source)   http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ External link.
  • Frost, Darrel R. 1997. Amphibian Species of the World, A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Second edition
  • Frost, Darrel R. 1997. Amphibian Species of the World, A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Second edition
  • Frost, Darrel R. 2009. database. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference v5.3
  • Goldberg, S., C. Bursey. 2002. HELMINTHS OF THE PLAINS SPADEFOOT, SPEA BOMBIFRONS,THE WESTERN SPADEFOOT, SPEA HAMMONDII, AND THE GREAT BASIN SPADEFOOT, SPEA INTERMONTANA. Western North American Naturalist, 62/4: 491-495.
  • Hall, J., J. Larsen, R. Fitzner. 1997. POSTEMBRYONIC ONTOGENY OF THE SPADEFOOT TOAD, SCAPHIOPUS INTERMONTANUS (ANURA: PELOBATIDAE): EXTERNAL MORPHOLOGY. Herpetological Monographs, 11: 124-178.
  • Mayhew, W. 1968. The biology of desert amphibians and reptiles. New York: Academic Press.
  • Morey, S. 2005. "AmphibiaWeb" (On-line). Accessed February 21, 2010 at http://amphibiaweb.org/cgi/amphib_query?where-genus=Spea&where-species=intermontana&account=lannoo.
  • NatureServe. 2009. "NatureServe" (On-line). Spea Intermontana. Accessed March 21, 2010 at http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?searchName=Spea+intermontana.
  • Nevada Department of Wildlife. 2003. "Frogs and Toads of Nevada" (On-line pdf). Nevada Division of Wildlife. Accessed March 21, 2010 at http://www.fws.gov/nevada/nv_species/urban_wildlife/Frogs%20and%20Toads%20of%20NV%20Sheet.pdf.
  • Orchard, S.A. (1992). ''Amphibian population declines in British Columbia.'' Declines in Canadian amphibian populations: designing a national monitoring strategy. C. A. Bishop nd K.E. Petit, eds., Canadian Wildlife Service, 10-13.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Stebbins, R. 1954. Amphibians and Reptiles of Western North America. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Syntype: Cope, E. D. 1872. Report upon Geographical and Geological Explorations and Surveys West of the Hundredth Meridian in Charge of First Lieutenant George M. Wheeler, Zoology. 525, plate 25, figures 6-8.
  • Whorley, J. 2001. "AmphibiaWeb" (On-line). Accessed February 21, 2010 at http://amphibiaweb.org/cgi/amphib_query?where-genus=Spea&where-species=intermontana&account=amphibiaweb.
  • Wiens, J., T. Titus. 1991. A Phylogenetic Analysis of Spea (Anura: Pelobatidae). Herpetologica, 47/1: 21-28.
  • Zack, R., D. Johnson. 2008. FEEDING BY THE GREAT BASIN SPADEFOOT TOAD (SPEA INTERMONTANA [COPE]) (ANURA: PELOBATIDAE). Western North American Naturalist, 68/2: 241-244.

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!