The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1999. "Ohio History Center" (On-line). Accessed Sept. 20,2001 at http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/ohc/nature/animals/reptile/americantoad.shtml.
  • Cook, F. R. (1984). Introduction to Canadian Amphibians and Reptiles. National Museums of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.
  • Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Frank T. Burbrink, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed. 2008. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, With Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Sixth Ed. Herpetological Circular No. 37
  • Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Frank T. Burbrink, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed. 2008. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, With Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Sixth Ed. Herpetological Circular No. 37. 1-84
  • Dickerson, M. 1906. The Frog. NY: Doubleday, Page and Company.
  • Frost, Darrel R. 2009. database. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference v5.3
  • Harding, J. 1997. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Great Lakes Region. Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA: The University of Michigan Press.
  • Johnson, T. R. (1987). The Amphibians and Reptiles of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City.
  • King, R., M. Oldham, W. Weller, D. Wynn. 1997. Historic and current amphibian and reptile distributions in the island region of western Lake Erie. American Midland Naturalist, 138 (1): 153-173.
  • Le Clere, J. 2000. "American Toad" (On-line). Accessed Sept. 20,2001 at http://herpnet.net/Iowa-Herpetology/amphibians/frogs_toads/american_toad.html.
  • Lerner, J. June 13 1998. Growing a Garden of Wildly Delights. The Washington Post: G 16.
  • Matson, T. 2002. "An Introduction to the Natural History of the Frogs and Toads of Ohio" (On-line). Accessed Sept. 20,2001 at http://www.cmnh.org/collections/vertzoo/frogs/americanus.html.
  • Milius, S. 1998. Fatal skin fungus found in U.S. frogs. Science News, 154(1): 7.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • Oliver, J. 1955. The National History of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. Princeton: D. Van Nostrand Company. Inc..
  • Oliver, J. A. (1955). The Natural History of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. D. Van Nostrand Campany, Ltd., Canada.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Rakestraw, J. 1998. Turning Over Rocks. Country Journal, 25 (3): 52-56.
  • Schmidt, K. P. (1953). A Checklist of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.
  • Smirina (1994) Age determination and longevity in amphibians. Gerontology, 40:133-146.
  • Syntype: Yarrow, H. C. & Henshaw, H. W. 1878. Annual Report upon the Geographical Surveys of the Territory of the United States west of the 100th Meridian. 207.
  • Withgott, J. 2001. Feeling The Burn. Natural History, 110(6): 38-45.
  • Wright, A. H. 1919. Frogs : Their Natural History and Utilization. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office. Report of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries, 1919; Plate IV-2
  • Wright, A. H. and Wright, A. A. (1949). Handbook of Frogs and Toads of the United States and Canada. Comstock Publishing Company, Inc., Ithaca, New York.

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