Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is known from the type locality: Santa Rita, in Antioquia Department, Colombia, between 1,890 and 1910m asl. It is also known from two other locations in Colombia: Guatape (Mesopotamia) and Amalfi (Anori) all in Antioquia Department, in the central Andes, between 1,800 and 1,900m asl. There is no suitable habitat available to the species between these known localities.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in the leaf-litter of sub-Andean and Andean forests, and is restricted to primary and good secondary forest. It most likely breeds by direct development like other species in the genus.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
EN
Endangered

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2004

Assessor/s
Wilmar Bolívar, John Lynch

Reviewer/s
Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Endangered, in view of its Extent of Occurrence of less than 5,000km2 and Area of Occupancy of less than 500km2, with all individuals in only three locations, and a continuing decline in the quality of its habitat.
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Population

Population
It is a common species.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
Habitat fragmentation and loss, due to the expansion of agriculture, timber extraction, desiccation, and the fumigation of illegal crops, are all major threats to the species' habitat. Climate change may also be a threat, given that this species occurs at relatively high elevations.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The range of the species includes the Reserva La Forzosa, but other tracts of montane forest remain in urgent need of formal protection.
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Wikipedia

Rhamphophryne macrorhina

Rhamphophryne macrorhina is a species of toad in the Bufonidae family. It is endemic to Colombia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

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