Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is restricted to three sites in south-western Sri Lanka (Kitulgala Forest Reserve, Messana Forest Reserve and Sinharaja World Heritage Site). It ranges from 150-1,070m asl.
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Distribution and Habitat

Sri Lanka

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Physical Description

Type Information

Holotype for "Bufo" kotagamai
Catalog Number: USNM 311595
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Sex/Stage: Male;
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1990
Locality: Sinharaja Man and Biosphere Reserve, Hal Mandiya (stream), 50 m from research station, Sri Lanka, Asia
  • Holotype: Fernando, P., et al. 1994. Journal of South Asian Natural History. 1 (1): 120, figures 1, 2 and 5.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
A terrestrial species associated with wet leaf-litter, rocks and other ground cover, close to streams in tropical wet montane forest, its breeding biology has not been recorded, but it presumably takes place in water, probably in streams, by larval development.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
EN
Endangered

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2004
  • Needs updating

Assessor/s
Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva, Deepthi Wickramasinghe

Reviewer/s
Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Endangered, because its Extent of Occurrence of less than 5,000 km2 and its Area of Occupancy is less than 500 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat.
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Population

Population
Little is known about the population status of this species, but it is not common.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
Habitat loss (small-scale agriculture) and human disturbance (local tourism) are the primary threats to this species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It has been recorded from several protected areas, including the Kitulgala Forest Reserve, Messana Forest Reserve and the Sinharaja World Heritage Site.
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