The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • "Plecoptera." Wikipedia. 2013. .
  • Borror, Donald, Charles Triplehorn, and Norman Johnson. An Introduction to the Study of Insects. 6th ed. Saunders College Publishing, 1989. 251-257. Print.
  • Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca. 2002. Invertebrates, Second Edition. xx + 936
  • Capinera, John. "Stoneflies (Plecoptera)." Encyclopedia of Entomology. 4. 2008.
  • Fochetti, R. & J. M. Tierno de Figueroa (2008). Global diversity of stoneflies (Plecoptera; Insecta) in freshwater. In E. V. Balian, C. Lévêque, H. Segers & K. Martens. "Freshwater Animal Diversity Assessment". Hydrobiologia 595: 265–377. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-8259-7_39
  • Hoell, H.V., Doyen, J.T. & Purcell, A.H. (1998). Introduction to Insect Biology and Diversity, 2nd ed.. Oxford University Press. pp. 383–386. ISBN 0-19-510033-6.
  • Hynes, H. B. N. (1993). Adults and Nymphs of British Stoneflies. Freshwater Biological Association. ISBN 0-900386-28-2.
  • M. Tsuda, Interim results of the Yoshino River productivity survey, especially on benthic animals. In: Productivity Problems of Freshwaters, Z. Kajak and A. Hillbricht-Ilkowska, Eds. (Polish Scientific, Warsaw, 1972), pp. 827-841, from p. 839.
  • Nelson, C. Riley. 1996. Plecoptera. Stoneflies. Version 01 January 1996 (under construction). in The Tree of Life Web Project,
  • Plecoptera
  • Zwick, P. (2000). "Phylogenetic system and zoogeography of the Plecoptera". Annual Review of Entomology 45: 709–746. doi:10.1146/annurev.ento.45.1.709


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!