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Ecology

Associations

Foodplant / saprobe
fruitbody of Schizophyllum commune is saprobic on dead, fallen wood of Fagus
Other: major host/prey

Foodplant / saprobe
fruitbody of Schizophyllum commune is saprobic on dead, fallen wood of Acer pseudoplatanus
Other: minor host/prey

Foodplant / saprobe
fruitbody of Schizophyllum commune is saprobic on dead, fallen wood of Alnus
Other: minor host/prey

Foodplant / saprobe
fruitbody of Schizophyllum commune is saprobic on dead, fallen wood of Prunus avium
Other: minor host/prey

Foodplant / saprobe
fruitbody of Schizophyllum commune is saprobic on dead, fallen wood of Quercus
Other: minor host/prey

Foodplant / saprobe
fruitbody of Schizophyllum commune is saprobic on dead, fallen wood of Tilia
Other: minor host/prey

Foodplant / saprobe
fruitbody of Schizophyllum commune is saprobic on plastic-wrapped, 'big bale' hay of Poaceae
Other: major host/prey

Foodplant / saprobe
fruitbody of Schizophyllum commune is saprobic on dead, fallen wood of Ilex aquifolium
Other: minor host/prey

Animal / carrion / dead animal feeder
fruitbody of Schizophyllum commune feeds on dead dead whale bone of Cetacea
Other: unusual host/prey

Animal / carrion / dead animal feeder
fruitbody of Schizophyllum commune feeds on dead dead leather of Bos taurus (domestic)
Other: unusual host/prey

Animal / carrion / dead animal feeder
fruitbody of Schizophyllum commune feeds on dead dead horn of Mammalia
Other: unusual host/prey

Animal / parasite
mycelium of Schizophyllum commune parasitises toe nails of Homo sapiens
Other: unusual host/prey

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Schizophyllum commune

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.

Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

TATCTAATCTATTCTTTATTTGCTGGTATGATTGGAACTGCATTCTCTGTTCTTATTAGATTAGAATTATCTGCACCAGGAGTACAATTTCTTCAAGGTGACCACCAATTATTTAATGTAATAATTACTGCTCATGCCTTTTTAATGATTTTCTTTATG---GTTATGCCAGGGCTAATTGGTGGATTTGGAAATTACTTTTTACCAATTCACTGTGGAGCTATTGATATGGCATTCCCAAGATTAAATAATATCTCATTCTGGTTATTAGTTCCTTCATTACTATTACTATTATTAAGTGCTTTAGTAGGAAATGGAGCAGGAACAGGA------------TGGACTGTATATCCTCCATTATCAGGAATACAATCACATTCAGGACCATCTGTAGATTTAGCTATTTTTAGTCTACACTTATCAGGAGTATCATCATTATTAGGAGCTATTAATTTTATTACTACAGCATTAAACATGAGAACAAATGGTATGGGATTACATAAATTACCATTATTTGTATGGGCAATTTTTGTTACAGCTATCTTATTATTATTATCATTACCGGTATTAGCTGGTGGAATTACAATGTTATTAACAGACCGTAATTTCAATACTAGTTTCTTTGATCCTGCTGGAGGAGGAGACCCTATCTTATACCAACACTTA
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Schizophyllum commune

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data: Schizophyllum commune

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Schizophyllum commune

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Schizophyllum commune

Schizophyllum commune is a very common species of mushroom in the genus Schizophyllum. It was initially described as a morphological species of global distribution and then revealed to be a species complex encompassing several cryptic species of more narrow distribution, as typical of many mushroom-forming Basidiomycota.[1]

Although European and US guidebooks list it as inedible, this is apparently due to differing standards of taste rather than known toxicity, being regarded with little culinary interest due to its tough texture. S. commune is, in fact, edible and widely consumed in Mexico and elsewhere in the tropics.[2] And in North-East India, the state Manipur called it as "Kanglayen" and its one of the favourite ingredients for Manipuri-Pancake Style called Paaknam. The authors explain the preference for tough, rubbery mushrooms in the tropics as a consequence of the fact that tender, fleshy mushrooms quickly rot in the hot humid conditions there, making their marketing problematic.

The gills, which produce basidiospores on their surface split when the mushroom dries out, earning this mushroom the common name Split Gill. It has more than 28,000 sexes.[3]

It is common in rotting wood, but can also cause disease in humans.[4]

Hydrophobin was first isolated from Schizophyllum commune.

Description[edit]

The cap is shell-shaped, with the tissue concentrated at the point of attachment, resembling a stem. It is often wavy and lobed, with a rigid margin when old. It is tough, felty and hairy, and slippery when moist. It is greyish white and up to 4 cm in diameter. The gills are pale reddish or grey, very narrow with a longitudinal split edge which becomes inrolled when wet; the only knows fungus with split gills that are capable of retracting by movement. It is found predominantly from autumn to spring on dead wood, in coniferous and deciduous forest.

Genetics[edit]

The genome of Schizophyllum commune was sequenced in 2010.[5]

Supplemental Images[edit]

References[edit]

Schizophyllum commune
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
pores on hymenium

cap is offset

or indistinct
hymenium is decurrent
lacks a stipe
spore print is white
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: inedible


  1. ^ Taylor, John; Turner, Elizabeth; Townsend, Jeffrey; Dettman, Jeremy; Jacobson, David (2006). "Eukaryotic microbes, species recognition and the geographic limits of species: examples from the kingdom Fungi". Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 361: 1947–1963. doi:10.1098/rstb.2006.1923. 
  2. ^ Ruán-Soto et al. (2006), "Process and dynamics of traditional selling of wild edible mushrooms in tropical Mexico" (Free full text), Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2 (3) 
  3. ^ "Tom Volk's Fungus of the Month for February 2000"
  4. ^ Guarro, J; Genéj; Stchigel, Am (Jul 1999), "Developments in Fungal Taxonomy" (Free full text), Clinical Microbiology Reviews 12 (3): 454–500, ISSN 0893-8512, PMC 100249, PMID 10398676 
  5. ^ Robin A Ohm,; De Jong, JF; Lugones, LG; Aerts, A; Kothe, E; Stajich, JE; De Vries, RP; Record, E et al. (Jul 2010), "Genome sequence of the model mushroom Schizophyllum commune", Nature Biotechnology 28 (9): 957–63, doi:10.1038/nbt.1643, PMID 20622885 
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