Overview

Brief Summary

An anthomedusan jellyfish with a bright red subumbrella, so far reported from boreal to sub-boreal waters in the North Pacific and North Atlantic, and also from the Southern Ocean. In Japan, living at depths between 450-1000m. During the polyp phase of its life cycle it attaches to swimming pteropod snails inhabiting surface waters. With ocean acidification caused by rising carbon dioxide levels, such snail shells will become harder to secrete, thereby impacting deep sea ecosystems through a run-on effect.

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Biology

colonial, free medusae
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Physical Description

Type Information

Syntype for Pandea rubra Bigelow, 1913
Catalog Number: USNM 31052
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1906
Locality: Petropavlovsk, SE of, Kamchatka, Russia, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 549 to 1247
Vessel: Albatross R/V
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Syntype for Pandea rubra Bigelow, 1913
Catalog Number: USNM 31052
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): United States Bureau of Fisheries
Year Collected: 1906
Locality: Petropavlovsk, SE Of, Kamchatka, Russia, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 1248 to 1248
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Syntype:
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 34 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 33 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 2697.5
  Temperature range (°C): -1.525 - 4.636
  Nitrate (umol/L): 23.305 - 41.314
  Salinity (PPS): 33.700 - 34.685
  Oxygen (ml/l): 0.881 - 8.065
  Phosphate (umol/l): 1.415 - 3.280
  Silicate (umol/l): 13.206 - 192.813

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 2697.5

Temperature range (°C): -1.525 - 4.636

Nitrate (umol/L): 23.305 - 41.314

Salinity (PPS): 33.700 - 34.685

Oxygen (ml/l): 0.881 - 8.065

Phosphate (umol/l): 1.415 - 3.280

Silicate (umol/l): 13.206 - 192.813
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
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deep sea
translation missing: en.license_cc_by_4_0

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Depth range based on 34 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 33 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 2697.5
  Temperature range (°C): -1.525 - 4.636
  Nitrate (umol/L): 23.305 - 41.314
  Salinity (PPS): 33.700 - 34.685
  Oxygen (ml/l): 0.881 - 8.065
  Phosphate (umol/l): 1.415 - 3.280
  Silicate (umol/l): 13.206 - 192.813

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 2697.5

Temperature range (°C): -1.525 - 4.636

Nitrate (umol/L): 23.305 - 41.314

Salinity (PPS): 33.700 - 34.685

Oxygen (ml/l): 0.881 - 8.065

Phosphate (umol/l): 1.415 - 3.280

Silicate (umol/l): 13.206 - 192.813
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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