The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Albert J., D. 2010. What’s on the mind of a jellyfish? A review of behavioural observations on Aurelia sp. jellyfish. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 35: 474-482. Accessed February 23, 2013 at
  • Cairns, Stephen D., Dale R. Calder, Anita Brinckmann-Voss, Clovis B. Castro, Daphne G. Fautin,.. 2002. Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Cnidaria and Ctenophora, Second Edition, 2002. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 28. xi + 115
  • Calder, D. 1982. Life history of the cannonball jellyfish, Stomolophus meleagris L. Agassiz, 1860 (Scyphozoa, Rhizostomida). Biol. Bull., 162: 149-162. Accessed February 23, 2013 at
  • Calder, D. R. (1982). Life History of the Cannonball Jellyfish, Stomolophus Meleagris L. Agassiz, 1860. Biology Bullention. 162, 149-162.
  • Cebuly, T. 2011. "Cannonball jellyfish" (On-line). LHSVirtualZoo. Accessed February 23, 2013 at
  • Dickerson, N. 2011. "Cannonball Jellyfish (Stomolophus melagris)" (On-line). Jellyfish Facts. Accessed February 23, 2013 at
  • Duffy, J., C. Epifanio, L. Fuiman. 1997. Mortality rates imposed by three scyphozoans on red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus Linnaeus) larvae in field enclosures. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 212/1: 123-131.
  • Griffin B., D., T. Murphy M.. 2011. "Cannonball jellyfish: Stomolophus meleagris" (On-line). Accessed February 23, 2013 at
  • HUANG, Y.AO-WEN. (2006). Cannonball Jellyfish (Stomolophus meleagris) as a Food Resource. Journal of Food Science. 53(2), 341-343.
  • Hale, G. 1999. "The classification and distribution of the class Scyphozoa" (On-line). Accessed February 23, 2013 at
  • Hsieh, P., J. Rudloe, F. Leong. 2001. Jellyfish as food. Hydrobiologia, 451: 11-17.
  • Kramp, P. L. 1961. Synopsis of the medusae of the world. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol. 40. 1-469
  • Land J. van der (ed) (†) (2015). URMO: UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (version Nov 2008). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Larson J., R. 1991. Diet, prey selection and daily ration of Stomolophus meleagris, a filter-feeding scyphomedusa from the NE Gulf of Mexico. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 32/5: 511-525.
  • Oldendorf (1988). Chemical defense in a scyphomedusa. Marine ecology progress series. 45(1-2), 81-86.
  • Roundtree, R. 1983. The ecology of Stomolophus meleagris, the cannonball jellyfish, and its symbionts, with special emphasis on behavior. Wilmington, North Carolina: Honors program thesis, Department of biological sciences, University of North Carolina.
  • Rountree, R A. (1983). The Ecology of Stomolophus Meleagris. Biological Sciences. Honors Program, 69. Wilmington: The University of North Carolina at Wilmington.
  • Segura-Puertas, Lourdes, Eduardo Suárez-Morales, and Laura Celis. 2003. A checklist of the Medusae (Hydrozoa, Scyphozoa and Cubozoa) of Mexico. Zootaxa, issue 194. 1-15


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