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Overview

Brief Summary

The long stems of angular Solomon's seal hang in an arch, with the flowers all dangling on one side. This plant grows well on slopes. The stems tend to lie in the direction of the sloop, giving it an enchanting appearance in late spring when the flowers blossom. If you get very close to the blossoms, you can smell their sweet scent.The only insects able to drink the nectar from the long narrow flowers are those with long tongues, such as bumblebees. Later in the season, the flowers turn into blue-black berries. Watch out! As tasty as they may look, both the plant and the berries are poisonous.
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Distribution

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Polygonatum odoratum (Mill.) Druce:
Japan (Asia)
Mongolia (Asia)
Russian Federation (Asia)
South Korea (Asia)
China (Asia)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Anhui, Gansu, Guangxi, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, ?Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Taiwan, ?Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Russia; Europe].
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Rhizome terete, 5--14 mm thick. Stem arching, 20--50(--100) cm, glabrous, angled. Leaves 7--12, alternate; petiole short; leaf blade abaxially glaucous, elliptic to ovate-oblong, 5--12(--20) × 3--6(--8) cm, often smooth, sometimes papillose-scabrous on veins, apex acuminate and obtuse tipped. Inflorescences 1--4(--8)-flowered; peduncle usually 1--1.5 cm; bracts small or absent. Flowers pendulous; pedicel 5--10(--20) mm. Perianth yellowish green to white, cylindric to campanulate-cylindric, 1.3--2(--2.5) cm; lobes ca. 3 mm. Filaments filiform, smooth or verruculose; anthers ca. 4 mm. Ovary 3--4 mm. Style 1--1.4 cm, included. Berries blue-black, 7--10(--12) mm in diam., 7--9-seeded. Fl. May--Jun, fr. Jul--Sep. 2 n = (18*), 20*, (21, 22*, 23, 26, 28, 29, 30, 40*).
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Convallaria odorata Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8, Convalla-ria no. 4. 1768; C. polygonatum Linnaeus; Polygonatum hondoense Nakai ex Koidzumi; P. japonicum C. Morren & Decaisne; P. langyaense D. C. Zhang & J. Z. Shao; P. maximowiczii F. Schmidt; P. odoratum f. ovalifolium Y. C. Chu et al.; P. officinale Allioni; P. officinale var. papillosum Franchet; P. planifilum Kitagawa & Hir. Takahashi; P. quelpaertense Ohwi; P. simizui Kitagawa; P. thunbergii C. Morren & Decaisne; P. vulgare Desfontaines.
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Ecology

Habitat

Forests, shaded slopes; 500--3000 m.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Polygonatum odoratum

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Polygonatum odoratum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 6
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Wikipedia

Polygonatum odoratum

Polygonatum odoratum, commonly known as Angular Solomon's-seal or Scented Solomon's-seal, is a plant species of the genus Polygonatum. In Britain it is one of three native species of the genus, the others being (Common) Solomon's-seal and Whorled Solomon's-seal.

Contents

Description

Polygonatum odoratum is a colonizing herbaceous plant with alternate, simple leaves, on green stems. The flowers are white, borne in spring and hang from the underside of the stems.

Cultivation

Variegated Solomon's seal (P. odoratum 'Variegatum') is often cultivated in shade gardens. P. odoratum does well in moist, shaded soil and will spread by stolons.

Use

P. odoratum is used in traditional Chinese medicine, where it is called yùzhú (玉竹).

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