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BiologyOften in silty areas with low visibility at 1-30 m depth (Ref. 90102). Inhabits coastal areas, usually over rocky and coral reefs. Forms schools in midwater and feeds on zooplankton. Oviparous, with numerous, small pelagic eggs (Ref. 402). Taken primarily by handline in Sri Lanka; caught mostly by fish traps in western Thailand and Malaysia; caught in trawls in the Gulf of Thailand; caught by a variety of methods including drive-in nets, fish traps and gill nets in Indonesia, the Philippines and Papua New Guinea. The most ancestral living caesionid species.