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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in coastal areas, mainly on or near coral reefs (Ref. 30573). More common along steep seaward reefs than in lagoons (Ref. 9710). Forms aggregations in midwater and feeds on zooplankton. Oviparous, with numerous, small pelagic eggs (Ref. 402).
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Persian Gulf and East Africa to the Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan.
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to off northwestern Australia and New Caledonia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 15; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 10 - 11
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Size

Maximum size: 400 mm TL
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Max. size

40.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 402))
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Found in coastal areas, mainly on or near coral reefs. Feeds on zooplankton in large aggregations. Forms large schools (Ref. 5213).
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Bluish body, pale ventrally; caudal lobe tips, axil and upper base of pectoral fin black. Juveniles with yellow tails and black tips. 4-5 scales on cheek; 18-25 predorsal scales; scaled dorsal and anal fins. Upper peduncular scale rows usually 10 or 11 (9-13); lower peduncular scale rows usually 14 or 15 (13-15). Supra-temporal band of scales interrupted by a thin scaleless zone at dorsal midline. basioccipital process for attachment of Baudelot's ligament absent. Post maxillary process single; posterior end of maxilla blunt.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 402)
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Depth range based on 11 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 7 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 3 - 18
  Temperature range (°C): 28.365 - 29.214
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.068 - 0.381
  Salinity (PPS): 32.279 - 34.500
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.484 - 4.641
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.108 - 0.327
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.333 - 4.452

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 3 - 18

Temperature range (°C): 28.365 - 29.214

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.068 - 0.381

Salinity (PPS): 32.279 - 34.500

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.484 - 4.641

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.108 - 0.327

Silicate (umol/l): 1.333 - 4.452
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Trophic Strategy

Occurs inshore (Ref. 75154). In the juvenile stage, it stays close to the reef & schools with other juvenile species of caesionids, commonly with C. cuning. Adult typically feeds further off the reef than other fusiliers; returning to the reef only at night to shelter (Ref. 402).
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Diseases and Parasites

Anisakis Disease (juvenile). Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Caesio lunaris

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 8
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Caesio lunaris

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.   Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.  Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNTTGGTGCTTGAGCTGGAATAGTAGGCACAGCCTTAAGCCTGCTCATTCGAGCGGAACTAAGCCAACCAGGAGCTCTTCTTGGAGACGATCAAATTTACAATGTAATTGTAACAGCGCATGCATTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCAATCATGATTGGAGGGTTTGGAAACTGACTGATCCCCCTAATGATCGGGGCCCCCGATATGGCATTCCCCCGAATGAATAACATGAGCTTTTGACTCCTTCCTCCATCATTCCTGCTCTTGCTCGCCTCCTCTGGAGTAGAAGCAGGGGCCGGAACTGGGTGAACAGTCTATCCTCCACTAGCAGGGAACCTAGCACACGCGGGGGCATCTGTAGACCTAACTATTTTCTCCCTCCACCTGGCAGGTGTTTCCTCAATTCTAGGGGCCATTAACTTCATCACAACTATCATCAATATGAAACCCCCCGCTATTTCCCAATATCAAACACCACTATTTGTTTGAGCTGTCCTAATTACCGCCGTCCTCCTTCTTCTCTCCCTACCAGTTTTAGCTGCCGGAATTACAATGCTTCTTACAGACCGAAACCTAAATACAACCTTCTTCGACCCAGCGGGAGGAGGGGATCCTATCCTCTACCAACACCT
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: medium; price reliability: questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this genus
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Wikipedia

Lunar fusilier

School of lunar fusilier at the Red Sea, Egypt

The lunar fusilier (Caesio lunaris) is a species of marine fish in the family Caesionidae. The lunar fusilier is widespread throughout the tropical waters of the Indo/West Pacific area, including the Red Sea.[1] This fish can reach a maximum size of 40 cm in length .[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Descriptions and articles about the Lunar Fusilier (Caesio lunaris) - Encyclopedia of Life
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Caesio lunaris" in FishBase. February 2014 version.
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