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| Common names: parrotfish (English), loro (Espanol) |
Scarus ghobban Forsskål, 1775
Bluechin parrotfish, Bluebarred parrotfish
Body moderately deep, compressed; teeth fused into a beak with two broad joined plates on each jaw, outer surface of plates smooth, not covered by lips; 1-2 canines on rear side of top jaw; dorsal rays IX,10; anal rays III, 9; pectoral rays 15, 13-14 branched; tail fin slightly concave in small fish, strongly concave in terminal males; scales large, smooth, 3 rows on cheek, upper 2 rows with 5-7 (usually 6) scales, lower row 2-3 (usually 2) scales; 6 scales on center of nape before dorsal fin; lateral line in 2 sections.
IP: overall yellowish to yellowish green with five irregular scale blue to whitish bars on side; TP: males blue greenish on back with salmon-pink scale edges, lower side largely salmon pink with green scale margins; a pair of blue bands on chin; juveniles pale with yellowish hue, either striped (3 dark stripes along body) or barred (5 narrow blue-white spotted bars); vertical fins orange-yellow.
Size: grows to 90 cm.
Habitat: usually seen on shallow reefs and adjacent sand-rubble areas.
Depth: 1-35 m.
Widespread in the tropical Indo-Pacific from East Africa to the Americas; SW Gulf of California, central Mexico to Ecuador, including the Galapagos, Cocos and Malpelo.