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BiologyEpipelagic to mesopelagic (Ref. 31442). Feed at night or in the morning (Ref. 9199), on euphausiids, copepods, and amphipods (Ref. 11712). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 31442). Lipid content is 15.8 % in fresh body weight while wax ester is present in trace amounts (Ref. 9197). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 6885.