Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Bathy- and mesopelagic (Ref. 75154). Males parasitic on the females (Ref. 559).
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Distribution

Circumglobal
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Circumglobal.
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Circumglobal.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 17
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Size

Max. size

11.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7300)); 20 cm TL (female)
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Diagnostic Description

Illicium pigmented except near esca, with 5-14 elongate translucent filaments along entire length, al but distal-most arising from posterior margin (Ref. 13608).
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Type Information

Holotype for Caulophryne jordani Goode & Bean
Catalog Number: USNM 39265
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Year Collected: 1887
Locality: New York, United States, Atlantic
Depth (m): 2334 to 2334
Vessel: Albatross
  • Holotype: Goode, G. B. & Bean, T. H. 1896. Special Bulletin of the United States National Museum. No. 2: 496, pl. CXXI, fig. 409.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

nektonic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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One specimen caught in the Canadian Atlantic waters; found at depths of 100- 1500 m.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Environment

bathypelagic; marine; depth range 100 - 1510 m (Ref. 5951)
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Depth range based on 6 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 6 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 880 - 2334
  Temperature range (°C): 2.860 - 8.584
  Nitrate (umol/L): 16.838 - 31.962
  Salinity (PPS): 34.910 - 35.192
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.059 - 6.479
  Phosphate (umol/l): 1.146 - 1.979
  Silicate (umol/l): 10.236 - 24.610

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 880 - 2334

Temperature range (°C): 2.860 - 8.584

Nitrate (umol/L): 16.838 - 31.962

Salinity (PPS): 34.910 - 35.192

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.059 - 6.479

Phosphate (umol/l): 1.146 - 1.979

Silicate (umol/l): 10.236 - 24.610
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 100 - 1500m.
From 100 to 1500 meters.

Habitat: bathypelagic. Also mesopelagic (Ref. 7300). Males parasitic on the females (Ref. 559).
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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Diet

Males parasitic on the females
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Disclaimer

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