IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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Description: Body relatively thin, long and narrow with a large eye and a pointed snout and a terminal small mouth. Pectoral fins medium. Pelvic fins very short. Dorsal and anal-fin bases relatively long, caudal peduncle short and somewhat narrow. Melanophores occur internally around the gut near the vent, and in a row of 11, 12, or occasionally 13 (but rule out Sparisoma when 13) discrete round melanophores along the base of the anal fin and extending into the caudal peduncle (often missing the last in the series). The melanophores in the row after the last fin ray are not at the ventral midline but can be well into the caudal peduncle musculature. Series of transitional larvae show development of the eye from a narrowed vertical oval tilted forward with a small posterior-inferior extension of the iris to much larger and round at and after transition. Many pre-transitional larvae have a marked ventral indentation in the iris. Transitional larvae develop a few scattered melanophores on the top of the head and two arcs from the mid and upper eye across the top of the head (transitional Sparisoma have a similar upper arc but do not have the arc starting at the mid-eye).


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