Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits steep outer reef slopes over rubble with patches of live coral (Ref. 9710).
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is known only from Rowley Shoals and Scott Reef off northwestern Australia, and has an area of occupancy estimated to be 900-1,000 km2.
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Eastern Indian Ocean: known only from Rowley Shoals off northwest Australia.
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Australia: Western Australia.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 80 mm NG
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Max. size

8.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710))
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This is a small species that grows to about 90 mm TL. It inhabits coral reefs on deep rubble slopes that are below the outer reef walls in depths of 35-50 m, but it is also found in lagoons as shallow as 12 m. Large individuals, all male, occur in small groups (Kuiter 2002).

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 30 - 40 m (Ref. 9710)
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Depth: 30 - 40m.
From 30 to 40 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Inhabits steep outer reef slopes over rubble with patches of live coral (Ref. 9710).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Conniella apterygia

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
VU
Vulnerable

Red List Criteria
B2ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Russell, B. & Pollard, D.

Reviewer/s
Liu, M. & Sadovy, Y.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is endemic to reefs in Rowley Shoals and Scott Reef off of Australia, and has an area of occupancy estimated to be less than 1,000 km2. It is threatened by habitat degradation due to oil and gas extraction industries, including habitat loss due to seismic survey drilling, pollution and mechanical damage. This species is listed as Vulnerable under Criterion B.
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for this species. It is fairly common in deeper water.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
This species is threatened by oil and gas exploration and extraction on or near reefs off of the northwestern shelf of Australia. Other potential major threats to the habitat of this species include seismic survey drilling, pollution and mechanical damage. The oil industry in this region is going to continue developing into the future.
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Vulnerable (VU) (B2ab(iii))
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no specific conservation measures in place for this species. Rowley Shoals is a designated marine protected area (Department of Environment and Conservation 2009).
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Wikipedia

Conniella apterygia

The mutant wrasse, Conniella apterygia, is a species of wrasse only known to occur in Australia's Rowley Shoals at depths from 30 to 40 m (98 to 130 ft). This species grows to a total length of 8 cm (3.1 in). This species is the only known member of its genus.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Russell, B. & Pollard, D. 2010. Conniella apterygia. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 03 November 2013.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Conniella apterygia" in FishBase. August 2013 version.
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