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Pyrolobus fumarii

Pyrolobus fumarii is a species of archaea known for its ability to survive at extremely high temperatures that kill most organisms.[1]

It was first discovered in 1997 in a black smoker hydrothermal vent at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, setting the upper temperature threshold for known life to exist at 113 °C.[2][3]

Strain 121, a microbe from the same family found at a vent in the Pacific Ocean, survived and multiplied during a 10-hour interval spent at 121 °C in an autoclave.[2]


  1. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2010. Extremophile. eds. E.Monosson and C.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment, washington DC
  2. ^ a b Davison, Anna (26 June 2008). "The most extreme life-forms in the universe". news service. Retrieved 2008-06-26. 
  3. ^ Blöchl E; Rachel R; Burggraf S; Hafenbradl D et al. (February 1997). "Pyrolobus fumarii, gen. and sp. nov., represents a novel group of archaea, extending the upper temperature limit for life to 113 degrees C.". 

Further reading[edit]

fr:Pyrolobus fumarii


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