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Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Distribution in Egypt

Mediterranean region and Sinai.

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© Bibliotheca Alexandrina

Source: Bibliotheca Alexandrina - EOL Ar

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Global Distribution

Mediterranean region, Sinai, Caucasus, southwest Asia.

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introduced; Ala., Ark., Calif., Fla., La., Miss., N.C., Oreg., S.C., Tex., Va.; w Europe (s Portugal), Mediterranean region; sw Asia (Iran); naturalized in Kashmir, China, and Japan; expected naturalized elsewhere.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Bulbs ovoid, 4–6 × 3–5 cm, tunic pale to dark brown. Leaves 4; blade flat, 25–35 cm × 8–15(–20) mm, glaucous. Inflorescences umbellate, 5–15-flowered, 25–35 cm; spathe pale brown, 4–6 cm, papery. Flowers strongly fragrant; perianth 2–4 cm wide; perianth tube 1.5–2 cm, gradually tapering to base; distinct portions of tepals spreading to reflexed, white to cream, linear-ovate to oblanceolate, 1–2 × 0.5–1 cm, apex acute; corona yellow, cup-shaped, 3–5 × 5–10 mm, apex crenulate to ruffled; 3 shorter stamens included within perianth tube, 3 longer stamens and style exserted into mouth of corona; pedicel of variable length, to 8 cm. 2n = 22.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

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Ecology

Habitat

Roadsides, waste places; 0--100m.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

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Associations

Foodplant / pathogen
Narcissus White Streak virus infects and damages purple then white longitudinal streaks, later coalescing peduncle of Narcissus tazetta
Remarks: season: end May-

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering/Fruiting

Flowering late winter--spring.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Narcissus tazetta

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Narcissus tazetta

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 4
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Wikipedia

Narcissus tazetta

Narcissus tazetta (Daffodil, Chinese Sacred Lily, Bunch-flowered Narcissus, Joss flower) is a perennial ornamental plant that grows from a bulb.

The Chinese sacred lily is neither sacred nor a lily. In the Romanized form of written Mandarin it is called shui xian hua (水仙花) which can be translated as water goddess flower. The botanical designation is Narcissus tazetta v. chinensis, or Ruen.

Its fragrance is quite different from that of its distant cousin, the paperwhite narcissus which has an animal scent to many people.

Special topiary carving techniques can be used to form leaves and flowers into fanciful shapes. The flower is an important element in the Chinese lunar new year celebration, and is sold at flower markets before the Chinese New Year. It is believed to be good luck to have the flower bloom on the first day of the Chinese lunar new year spring festival.

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