Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Description

Colonies are massive, arborescent or foliaceous or mixtures of these forms. Corallites are plocoid with calices up to 5 mm in diameter. Septa are exsert and irregular. Columellae are usually prominent. Costae are usually restricted to the corallite wall. The coenosteum is granulated (except E. mammiformis). Polyps are extended only at night (Veron, 1986 <57>).
  • Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London.
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 609 specimens in 26 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 264 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 368
  Temperature range (°C): 12.002 - 28.679
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.038 - 20.671
  Salinity (PPS): 33.085 - 35.854
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.484 - 4.926
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.064 - 1.578
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.523 - 22.502

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 368

Temperature range (°C): 12.002 - 28.679

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.038 - 20.671

Salinity (PPS): 33.085 - 35.854

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.484 - 4.926

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.064 - 1.578

Silicate (umol/l): 0.523 - 22.502
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Evolution and Systematics

Functional Adaptations

Functional adaptation

Exoskeleton absorbs UV light: corals
 

The calcium carbonate exoskeletons of corals may help protect their photosynthetic symbionts by absorbing UV rays.

   
  "Many coral reef organisms are photosynthetic or have evolved in tight  symbiosis with photosynthetic symbionts. As such, the tissues of reef  organisms are often exposed to intense solar radiation in clear tropical  waters and have adapted to trap and harness photosynthetically active  radiation (PAR). High levels of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) associated  with sunlight, however, represent a potential problem in terms of tissue  damage

"By measuring UVR and PAR reflectance from intact and ground bare coral  skeletons we show that the property of calcium carbonate skeletons to  absorb downwelling UVR to a significant extent, while reflecting PAR  back to the overlying tissue, has biological advantages

"Our study presents a novel defensive role for coral skeletons and  reveals that the strong UVR absorbance by the skeleton can contribute to  the ability of corals, and potentially other calcifiers, to thrive  under UVR levels that are detrimental to most marine life." (Reef et al. 2009:e7995)

  Learn more about this functional adaptation.
  • Choi C. 2009. Coral reefs act like sunscreen. Science [Internet],
  • Reef R; Kaniewska P; Hoegh-Guldberg O. 2009. Coral skeletons defend against ultraviolet radiation. PLoS One. 4(11): e7995.
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© The Biomimicry Institute

Source: AskNature

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:16
Specimens with Sequences:13
Specimens with Barcodes:13
Species:4
Species With Barcodes:4
Public Records:10
Public Species:4
Public BINs:1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Echinopora

Echinopora is a genus of stony corals in the Faviidae family.[1]

Species[edit]

The following species are currently recognized:


References[edit]


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