The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Basford, D.J., Eleftheriou, A. & Raffaelli, D., (1989). The epifauna of the northern North-Sea (56-°-61°N). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 69, 387-407.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=4068 External link.
  • Cairns, Stephen D., Dale R. Calder, Anita Brinckmann-Voss, Clovis B. Castro, Daphne G. Fautin,.. 2002. Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Cnidaria and Ctenophora, Second Edition, 2002. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 28. xi + 115
  • Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E. (ed.), (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2680 External link.
  • Land J. van der (ed) (†) (2013). URMO: UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (version Nov 2008). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.
  • Mackie, A.M., (1998). Preliminary studies on the chemical defences of British octocorals Alcyonium digitatum and Pennatula phosphorea. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A- Physiology, 86, 629-632.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=4068 External link.
  • Manuel, R.L., (1988). British Anthozoa. London: Academic Press.[Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 18.]   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2359 External link.
  • NBN (National Biodiversity Network), (2002). National Biodiversity Network gateway. http://www.searchnbn.net, 2008-10-31 00:00:00   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2307 External link.
  • Nicol, J.A., (1958). Observations on the luminescence of Pennatula phosphorea, with a note on the luminescence of Virgularia mirabilis. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 37, 551-563.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=4068 External link.
  • UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms
  • Williams, G. (2014). Pennatula phosphorea Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=128517

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