The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. Programa de Manejo del Parque Nacional Costa Occidental de Isla Mujeres, Punta Cancún y Punta Nizuc. INE. México.
  • 2002. [en línea] [consulta: 2005]
  • 2005. [en línea] [consulta: ]
  • 2005. [en línea] [consulta: 2005]
  • Barrios-Suárez L. M., Reyes J. O., Navas G. R., and García C. B., 2002 . 40-41. Article:Distribution of anemones (Anthozoa: Actiniaria and Corallimorpharia) in the area of Santa Marta, Colombian Caribbean. Pages:37-48. Journal:Ciencias Marinas. Abbreviation:Cienc. Mar. Volume: 28. Number:1. Date of publication: 2002. External link.
  • Borneman, E.H. 2001. Aquarium Corals. Selection, Husbandray, and Natural History. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. EUA.
  • Brugler M. R. and France S. C., 2007 . 778. Article:The complete mitochondrial genome of the black coral *Chrysopathes formosa* (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Antipatharia) supports classification of antipatharians within the subclass Hexacorallia. Pages:776-788. Journal:Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. Abbreviation:Mol. Phylo. Evol. Volume: 42. DOI:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.08.016. Date of publication: 2007. External link.
  • Bryant, D., Burke, L., McManus, J. y Spalding, M. 1998. Reefs At Risk. World Resources Institute. EUA.
  • Cairns S. D., Hoeksema B. W., and van der Land J., 1999 . 29. Article:Appendix: List of extant stony corals. Pages:13-46. Journal:Atoll Research Bulletin. Abbreviation:Atoll Res. Bull. Volume: . Number:459. Date of publication: 1999. External link.
  • Cairns, Stephen D. 1999. Species richness of recent Scleractinia. Atoll Research Bulletin, no. 59. 1-46
  • Carricart-Gavinet, J.P. 2004. Sea surface temperature and the growth of the West Atlantic reef-building coral Montastraea annularis. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 302: 249-260.
  • Carricart-Gavinet, J.P. y Merino, M. 2001. Growth responses of the reef-building coral Montastraea annularis along a gradient of continental influence in the southern Gulf of Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science. 68: 133-146.
  • Cruz-Piñon, G., Carricart-Gavinet, J.P. y Espinoza-Avalos, J. 2003. Monthly skeletal extension rates of the hermatypic corals Montastraea annularis and Montastraea faveolata: biological and environmental controls. Marine Biology. 143: 491-500.
  • Goreau, T.J. y Macfarlane, A.H. 1990. Reduced growth rate of Montastrea annularis following the 1987-1988 coral bleaching event. Coral Reefs. 8: 211-216.
  • Guzmán H. M., 1998 . 77. Article:Diversity of stony, soft and black corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia, Gorgonacea, Antipatharia; Hydrozoa: Milleporina) at Cayos Cochinos, Bay Islands, Honduras. Pages:75-80. Journal:Revista de Biologia Tropical. Abbreviation:Rev. Biol. Trop. Volume: 46. Number:Suppl. 4. Date of publication: 1998. External link.
  • Hironobu, F., Budd, A.F., Levitan, D.R., Jara, J., Kersanach, R. y Knowlton, N. 2004. Geographic differences in species boundaries among members of the Montastraea annularis complex based on Molecular and Morphological markers. Evolution. 58 (2) : 324-337.
  • Land J. van der (ed) (†) (2015). URMO: UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (version Nov 2008). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Mendes, J.M. y Woodley, J.D. 2002. Effect of the 1995-1996 bleaching event on polyp tissue depth, growth, reproduction and skeletal band formation in Montastraea annularis. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 235: 93-102.
  • Mendes, J.M. y Woodley, J.D. 2002. Timing of reproduction in Montastraea annulairs:relationship to environmental variables. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 227: 241–251.
  • Miller A. C., 1981 . 933. Article:Cnidarian prey of the snails *Coralliophila abbreviata* and *C. caribaea* (Gastropoda: Muricidae) in Discovery Bay, Jamaica . Pages:932-934. Journal:Bulletin of Marine Science. Abbreviation:Bull. Mar. Sci. Volume: 31. Number:4. Date of publication: 1981. External link.
  • Nugues, M.M. 2003. Partial mortality in massive reef corals as an indicator of sediment stress on coral reefs. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 46 (3) : 314-323.
  • Reimer J. D., Takishita K., Ono S., and Maruyama T., 2007 . 405. Article:Diversity and evolution in the zoanthid genus *Palythoa* (Cnidaria: Hexacorallia) based on nuclear ITS-rDNA. Pages:399-410. Journal:Coral Reefs. Abbreviation:Coral Reefs. Volume: 26. DOI:10.1007/s00338-007-0210-5. Date of publication: 2007. External link.
  • Severance E. G. and Karl S. A., 2006 . 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65. Article:Contrasting population genetic structures of sympatric, mass-spawning Caribbean corals. Pages:57-68. Journal:Marine Biology. Abbreviation:Mar. Biol. Volume: 150. DOI:10.1007/s00227-006-0332-2. Date of publication: 2006. External link.
  • Steiner S. C. C., 2003 . 5, 7. Article:Stony corals and reefs of Dominca, Lesser Antilles. Pages:1-15. Journal:Atoll Research Bulletin. Abbreviation:Atoll Res. Bull. Volume: . Number:498. Date of publication: August, 2003. External link.
  • Szmant, A.M. y Gassman, N.J. 1990. The effects of prolonged "bleaching" on the tissue biomass and reproduction of the reef coral Montastrea anularis. Coral Reefs. 8: 217-224.
  • Veron, J. 2000. Corals of the World. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR Qld Pty Ltd. 1-3. Australia.
  • Zlatarski V. N. and Estalella N. M., 1980 . 17, 26, 72, 73-78, 192-201, 203, 205, 208-231, 235, 237, 242, 244, 246, 247, 250, 297, 306; Plate 29-32. Reference type:Book. Book title:Scleractinia of Cuba with data on the constituent organisms [in Bulgarian]. Edited by:None. Total pages:312. Publisher:Bulgarian Academy of Science. City:Sophia. Date of publication: 1980. External link.


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