Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

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Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:551
Specimens with Sequences:544
Specimens with Barcodes:522
Species With Barcodes:16
Public Records:514
Public Species:15
Public BINs:16
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Anoplophora is a genus of beetles in the longhorn beetle family (Cerambycidae). They are native to Asia.[1] Most are large and colorful and thus are depicted in artwork and sought after by beetle collectors.[2] The genus also includes several notorious pest insects.[1]


Beetles of Anoplophora are 1 to 5 centimeters in length. They are spotted or banded with a range of color patterns in shades of yellow, blue, purple, and white.[2] They have very long antennae.[1] One characteristic that is particularly useful for distinguishing the species from one another is the structure of the male genitalia.[3]


Several Anoplophora species are major pests of urban, ornamental, and agricultural trees.

The Asian long-horned beetle (A. glabripennis) is native to China and Korea,[2] and it is now widespread in Europe as an introduced species. It is also common in some major cities in North America, including Toronto, Chicago, and New York City, where it has infested and damaged thousands of street and park trees. Many tree species can serve as hosts to the beetle, but it especially favors maples.[4]

The citrus long-horned beetle (A. chinensis syn. A. malasiaca) has been introduced from Asia to Europe and North America. It is a pest of citrus and other fruit and nut trees. It infests forest trees and ornamentals. It attacks over 100 species of trees, shrubs, and herbs from many plant families. Damage from its wood-boring larvae can kill trees.[1]

The citrus trunk borer (A. versteegi) is the most serious pest of citrus in northeastern India. The larvae kill trees.[5]


In a 2002 revision of the genus, 36 species were recognized.[2] At least one more species has been described since then.[6]

Species include:[7]


  1. ^ a b c d McDougall, D. N. Anoplophora chinensis. USDA Forest Service, State and Private Forestry. North American Forest Commission Exotic Forest Pest Information System (NAFC-ExFor). 2001.
  2. ^ a b c d Hoebeke, E. R. and G. Page. (2002). Longhorned beetles of the genus Anoplophora and lithography: Alien invaders in the eye of the beholder! American Entomologist 48(4) 200-06.
  3. ^ Wu, W. and S. Jiang. (1989). A taxonomic study of the male genitalia of the genus Anoplophora Hope (Col. Cerambycidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica 2, 012.
  4. ^ Smith, M. T., et al. (2009). Asian longhorned beetle Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky): Lessons learned and opportunities to improve the process of eradication and management. American Entomologist 55(1) 21-26.
  5. ^ Saikia, K., et al. (2011). Biology of citrus trunk borer (Anoplophora versteegi Rits.) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) under laboratory conditions. Indian J Hill Frmg 24(1-2) 19-23.
  6. ^ a b Xie, G. L., et al. (2012). An unusual new species of Anoplophora Hope, 1839 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) from Guizhou, China. Far Eastern Entomologist (248) 1-4.
  7. ^ Anoplophora. UniProt Taxonomy.

Further reading[edit]

  • Lingafelter, S. W. and E. R. Hoebeke. Revision of Anoplophora (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). The Entomological Society of Washington, Washington, D.C. 2002. 238 p.
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