Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in small groups near or among long-spined sea urchins and branching corals. Feeds on planktonic crustaceans (Ref. 9710). Swims vertically, with a head-down position (Ref. 5462).
  • Heemstra, P.C. 1986 Centriscidae. p. 461. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 5462)
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Distribution

Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea and Kenya to Algoa Bay, South Africa.
  • Heemstra, P.C. 1986 Centriscidae. p. 461. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 5462)
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Red Sea, Western Indian Ocean.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10 - 11; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 12 - 13
  • Heemstra, P.C. 1986 Centriscidae. p. 461. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 5462)
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Size

Maximum size: 150 mm TL
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Max. size

15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5462))
  • Heemstra, P.C. 1986 Centriscidae. p. 461. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 5462)
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Diagnostic Description

Pale green in color, with widely-spaced, small black spots (Ref. 5462).
  • Heemstra, P.C. 1986 Centriscidae. p. 461. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 5462)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine
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Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 11.5 - 29

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 11.5 - 29
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Trophic Strategy

Found in small groups near or among long-spined sea urchins and branching corals. Feeds on planktonic crustaceans.
  • Heemstra, P.C. 1986 Centriscidae. p. 461. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 5462)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Aeoliscus punctulatus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Aeoliscus punctulatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 4
Specimens with Barcodes: 7
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: public aquariums
  • Heemstra, P.C. 1986 Centriscidae. p. 461. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 5462)
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Wikipedia

Aeoliscus punctulatus

Aeoliscus punctulatus, also known as the speckled shrimpfish, is a member of the family Centriscidae of the order Syngnathiformes (the pipefishes and seahorses). This fish adopts a head-down, tail-up position as an adaptation for hiding among sea urchin spines. This fish is found in coastal waters in the Indo-West Pacific. Its natural habitat includes beds of seagrass and coral reefs, where sea urchins are found.

Description[edit]

The speckled shrimpfish is a slender fish that attains a maximum length of 15 cm (6 in). Its snout is long and tubular and used to suck in its planktonic prey. Its body is flattened with a keel on the ventral surface and is covered in bony plates. The dorsal fin has three spines and ten to eleven soft rays and its anal fin has twelve to thirteen soft rays. It is a transparent pale greenish colour with a brown lateral stripe and a scattering of small black spots.[2][3]

Distribution[edit]

The speckled shrimpfish is native to the coast of East Africa and the western Indian Ocean. Its range extends from Algoa Bay, South Africa to Madagascar, the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Seychelles and the Maldive Islands.[2] It is found intertidally on sandy flats and in seagrass meadows down to a depth of about 40 m (131 ft).[3]

Biology[edit]

The speckled shrimpfish swims in a head down position. It feeds on plankton and is found drifting in small groups in seagrass beds, among the branches of corals and the spines of long-spined sea urchins.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bailly, Nicolas (2013). "Aeoliscus punctulatus (Bianconi, 1854)". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  2. ^ a b c "Aeoliscus punctulatus (Bianconi, 1854): Speckled shrimpfish". FishBase. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  3. ^ a b King, Dennis; Fraser, Valda (2002). More Reef Fishes & Nudibranchs: East and South Coast of Southern Africa. Struik. p. 28. ISBN 9781868726868. 
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